Excuse myself from the scene friendsfamily teachers

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(‘Excuse myself’ from the scene.)
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Friends/family Teachers, older colleagues, strangers Greetings (4): Level of Formality Good morning ___________ Thank you ______________ See you ________________ Good night _____________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ Ohayoo Arigatoo Jaa mata Oyasumi Ohayoo gozaimasu Arigatoo gozaimasu Shitsurei shimasu Oyasumi nasai
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Greetings (5) Apologies: Sumimasen . a) I'm sorry. b) Excuse me. (I'm sorry to interrupt you). c) Thank you. (I'm sorry for taking your time .) Iie. "No." a) No problem. (You are welcome.) b) Not at all. (Don't mention it.)
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Bowing Japanese people greet each other by bowing (even on the phone!) Bowing: expressing respect, gratitude or apologies Different ways of bowing: A small nod of the head to a 45-degree bend at the waist The longer and the deeper you bow, the more formal and respectful it appears to others
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Descriptions: ‘X is Y’ X (noun) Y (noun) です G1 TB p.42 X wa Y desu As for X, it is Y たけしさん がくせい です Takeshi-san wa gakusee desu . Takeshi is a student. せんこう にほんご です Senkoo wa nihongo desu . (His) major is Japanese.
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メアリーさん オーストラリアじん です Mearii san wa oosutoraria-jin* desu * Australian (メアリーさん ) りゅうがくせい (Mearii san wa ) ryuu gakusee* desu . いちねんせいです。 Ichi-nensei desu. * overseas student
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Word order: SOV (English=SVO) Subject often omitted “Particles” are used AFTER nouns - To mark the subject, object etc - Like prepositions in English (to, at, by etc) Subject Object Verb Basic sentence patterns
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Particle (wa) Particles are postpositional words attached mainly to noun phrases They indicate how the marked phrases relate to the rest of a sentence Pronunciation of particle = wa is a topic marking particle Copula verb です used to express ‘is’ (Good news: does not change form depending on person or number. So much easier than English!)
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Yes/No Questions G2: TB p. 43-44 X (noun) Y (noun) です = Is X Y? X wa Y desu ka たけしさん がくせい です Takeshi-san wa gakusee desu ka Is Takeshi a student? OR Takeshi, are you a student? せんこう にほんご です Senkoo wa Nihongo desu ka Is (his/your) major Japanese?
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はい ええ = Yes; いいえ = No. hai ee iie Q: (To Takeshi) Are you an international student? たけしさん りゅうがくせい です か。 Takeshi-san wa ryuugakusee desu ka A: Yes. はい ええ , そうです。 hai / ee , soo desu No. いいえ iie
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(To Mary) Are you an international student? ( メアリーさん ) りゅうがくせい Mearii-san wa ryuugakusee desu ka Are you Australian? オーストラリアじん です oosutoraria-jin desu ka
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Activity Getting to know each other (2) J: (Mearii-san wa) oosutoraria-jin desu ka M: Hai, soo desu. (Jon)san wa?
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