Ans t dif e obj 3 21 fayol advocated an order

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ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 3 21. Fayol advocated an order principle which stated that everything and everyone should be in their proper place. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 3 22. Charismatic authority is based upon a set of impersonal rules and regulations that apply to all employees. 29
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ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 3 23. Traditional authority is based upon a set of impersonal rules and regulations that apply to all employees. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 3 24. The bureaucratic management perspective stresses impersonality and technical competence in the selection and promotion of employees. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 3 25. Elton Mayo, Frederick Taylor, and Douglas McGregor are all identified with the classical perspective of management. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 4 26. Mary Parker Follett conducted the famous Hawthorne experiments. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 4 27. Douglas McGregor proposed the theory X and theory Y styles of management. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 4 28. Theory Z managers perceive that their subordinates have an inherent dislike of work and will avoid it if at all possible. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 4 29. Elton Mayo's (the Hawthorne Studies) work represented a transition from scientific management to the early human relations movement. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 4 30. Chester Bernard developed a theory of authority and believed that authority flows from the ability of subordinates to accept or reject an order. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 4 31. Mary Parker Follett concluded that coordination was a key to effective management. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 4 32. Douglas McGregor is identified with theory Z management. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 4 33. Theory Y management is based on the assumption that once a trusting relationship with workers is established, production will increase. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 4 30
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34. A Theory X manager motivates employees by threatening them with corrective action while a Theory Y manager motivates employees by offering greater compensation. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 4 35. The behavioral perspective is characterized by the use of mathematics, statistics, and other quantitative techniques for management decision making and problem-solving. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 5 36. Synergy is defined as a phenomenon whereby an organization can accomplish more when its subsystems work together than it can when they work independently. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 5 37. Feedback represents information about the status and performance of the system. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 6 38. Open systems presume that an organization does not need to interact with its environment. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 6 39. The contingency approach is also referred to as "management science." ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 7 40. The contingency perspective proposed that managerial style is situation-specific. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 7 41. The contingency perspective asserts that managers are responsible for determining which managerial approach is likely to be most effective in a given situation.
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