However global health security is challenged by

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 56

This preview shows page 7 - 15 out of 56 pages.

health security. However, global health security is challenged by naturally occurring endemic, emerging and re-emerging disease threats. Global health security can also be threatened by the accidental or intentional release of etiological agents of diseases GOAL The overall goal of the WHO Biosafety Programme is to reduce to the extent possible, the spread of disease caused by accidents or inappropriate handling or usage of pathogenic microorganisms.
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

Objectives of WHO The World Health Organization, through a cooperative mechanism with interested partners, jointly works to: Promote safe practices in the handling of pathogenic microorganisms based on best practices and international rules and regulations in: Strengthen, coordinate and evaluate efforts for the establishment of national, regional and global plans of action for the safe handling of infectious substances Promote safety standards in laboratory facility construction and postconstruction evaluation Health care facilities The laboratory Field investigations Manufacturing facilities Transport
Image of page 8
Biohazard An agent of biological origin that has the capacity to produce deleterious effects on humans Microorganisms Toxins and allergens derived from those organisms Allergens and toxins derived from higher plants and animals
Image of page 9

Subscribe to view the full document.

Containment The term "Containment" is used in describing the safe methods for managing infectious agents in the laboratory environment where they are being handled or maintained. Elements of containments Types of containments - Physical Contaminant - Biological Containment
Image of page 10
Physical containment The physical methods being adopted inside the laboratories to prevent escaping the GEOs to the environment It works on the principal of physical barriers It helps to keep the dirt in the laboratory itself Physical containment The physical containment include Air filtration Sterilization lights Waste disposal Protective handling
Image of page 11

Subscribe to view the full document.

Biological Containment The biological principles used in the laboratories to prevent the escape of GEOs or microbes Biological containment makes the organisms unable to survive in the outside environment specified as a series of containment measures for work with biological agents in the corresponding Hazard Groups measures are specified in relation to the facilities and the working practices levels are based upon: - Facilities provided - Working practices should be incorporated into local Laboratory Rules Containment Levels
Image of page 12
Containment Level 1 Facilities • Easy to clean laboratory • Impervious and resistant benches • Wash basin or sink for hand washing • Appropriate warning signs Working practices • No eating, chewing, drinking, smoking, storing food or applying cosmetics • No mouth pipetting • Wear lab coat and remove when leaving • Wash hands
Image of page 13

Subscribe to view the full document.

Containment Level 1 Have procedures for working with, storing and transporting biological agents Have procedures for decontamination and disinfection Have procedures for waste disposal Have procedures for accidents and incidents
Image of page 14
Image of page 15
  • Fall '19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes