-Elimination of the Indian Act, assimilate to rest of Canada essentially-Get rid of indian status, shrink gap on inequalities, with hope of single category single class, encompassing ALL of Canada’s peoples. -OPPOSED by First Nations, because it’s a like assimilation version 2.0 (updated
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version, goal is the SAME) so they reject this-Intensification of activism,highly successful, so in 1971 the white paper is eliminated/toreup.National Indian Brotherhood - changed to Assembly of First Nationsin 1980s?DECOLONIZATION (ON EXAM!!!!!!)1.Suez crisis? Read .. no idea what means2.Separatism (Quebec)3.Indigenous Civil rights movement Cultural changes: pseudo-science (meaning: fake science)1967: Parti Quebecois (mainstream and peaceful, goal was separatism)FLQ: radical, resort to violence (terrorist group), not targeting people, but symbols. Like mail boxes with a coat of arms that would be British. It changes in October crisis….FLQ CRISIS: James Cross + Pierre Laporte kidnapped? Assault of civil liberties (freedoms) Referendum in 1980: whether Quebecers wanted to leave CanadaSovereignty association: mentality of cake and eat it too. -Maintain trade relations-Economic links (money, currency)“My Canada includes Quebec” - Trudeau also does not want this. If you stay, we will renegotiateconfederation to make them happier. -If YES want to leave Canada: 40%-If NO wants to leave Canada: 60%Pierre Trudeau: only won by 2 seats in 1972 election. Personality seen as arrogant, and aloof.Stagflation: OPEC: group of oil producing countries (middle east + venezuela) -Events (crisis/disputes) 1973 arab/israeli war, 1979 Iran Revolution-Opec crisis and reduced oil supply affects inflation in 1960s canada (more money for gas, increasing prices on goods)Budget Deficits in 70’s: more money going out then coming in in tax revenues. The gap is getting larger: $20 Billion in deficitsSurplus ( the opposite)Increased taxes to pay; bigger debt. Living beyond your meansIn 1979 canadians conclude they are sick of TrudeauHow to balance things out a little bit: reduce spending, increase taxes1979: first prime minister born West of Great lakes; Joe clark, Joe WHO?-Won a minority government (fragile)-Indecisive + non charismatic
-Raises taxes, tax on gasoline so he is out in one year not popular-Trudeau is back “welcome to the 1980s”NEGATIVE: National energy program (1980) response to OPEC crisis (high costs for fuel and inflation of canadian economy)2 objectives:1. Ownership or control over resources (OIL) in Leduc in 1947. Seeks to promote canadian ownership of energy sector (oil + natural gas)-US typically controlled energy sector in Canada, so they are UPSET2. Prices DOWN for ordinary consumers. Economic nationalism Peter Lougheed- Premier, he is furious AB is being exploited and mistreated Western alienation (Don't share resources with Quebec and….)POSITIVE:1931: canada's legal independence7/50 best of both worlds, then constitution changed, QC doesn't like the idea.
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