Elimination of the indian act assimilate to rest of

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- Elimination of the Indian Act, assimilate to rest of Canada essentially - Get rid of indian status, shrink gap on inequalities, with hope of single category single class, encompassing ALL of Canada’s peoples. - OPPOSED by First Nations, because it’s a like assimilation version 2.0 (updated
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version, goal is the SAME) so they reject this - Intensification of activism,highly successful, so in 1971 the white paper is eliminated/tore up. National Indian Brotherhood - changed to Assembly of First Nations in 1980s? DECOLONIZATION (ON EXAM!!!!!!) 1. Suez crisis? Read .. no idea what means 2. Separatism (Quebec) 3. Indigenous Civil rights movement Cultural changes: pseudo-science (meaning: fake science) 1967: Parti Quebecois (mainstream and peaceful, goal was separatism) FLQ: radical, resort to violence (terrorist group), not targeting people, but symbols. Like mail boxes with a coat of arms that would be British. It changes in October crisis…. FLQ CRISIS: James Cross + Pierre Laporte kidnapped? Assault of civil liberties (freedoms) Referendum in 1980: whether Quebecers wanted to leave Canada Sovereignty association: mentality of cake and eat it too. - Maintain trade relations - Economic links (money, currency) “My Canada includes Quebec” - Trudeau also does not want this. If you stay, we will renegotiate confederation to make them happier. - If YES want to leave Canada: 40% - If NO wants to leave Canada: 60% Pierre Trudeau: only won by 2 seats in 1972 election. Personality seen as arrogant, and aloof. Stagflation: OPEC: group of oil producing countries (middle east + venezuela) - Events (crisis/disputes) 1973 arab/israeli war, 1979 Iran Revolution - Opec crisis and reduced oil supply affects inflation in 1960s canada (more money for gas, increasing prices on goods) Budget Deficits in 70’s: more money going out then coming in in tax revenues. The gap is getting larger: $20 Billion in deficits Surplus ( the opposite) Increased taxes to pay; bigger debt. Living beyond your means In 1979 canadians conclude they are sick of Trudeau How to balance things out a little bit: reduce spending, increase taxes 1979: first prime minister born West of Great lakes; Joe clark, Joe WHO? - Won a minority government (fragile) - Indecisive + non charismatic
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- Raises taxes, tax on gasoline so he is out in one year not popular - Trudeau is back “welcome to the 1980s” NEGATIVE: National energy program (1980) response to OPEC crisis (high costs for fuel and inflation of canadian economy) 2 objectives: 1. Ownership or control over resources (OIL) in Leduc in 1947. Seeks to promote canadian ownership of energy sector (oil + natural gas) -US typically controlled energy sector in Canada, so they are UPSET 2. Prices DOWN for ordinary consumers. Economic nationalism Peter Lougheed- Premier, he is furious AB is being exploited and mistreated Western alienation (Don't share resources with Quebec and….) POSITIVE: 1931: canada's legal independence 7/50 best of both worlds, then constitution changed, QC doesn't like the idea.
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