In particular it is in this way that the socio

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In particular, it is in this way that the socio-economic formations themselves change (the transition from the primitive communal system to the slaveholding, then to the feudal and capitalist). Therefore, the class struggle is the main driving force behind the history of a divided society. It should lead to the abolition of the division of society into classes, when the level of development of the productive forces ceases to require such a division. One of the main products of the class struggle is the state - which, from the point of view of Marxism, is an apparatus for maintaining within the society the orders pleasing and advantageous to the ruling class. 9 Consider Marx’s belief that capitalism will in the future be supplanted by classless society. According to Marx, capitalism is inherently a class system in which class relations are characterized by conflict. Although owners of capital and workers are each dependent on the other - the capitalists need labour and the workers need wages - the dependency is highly unbalanced. The relationship between classes is an exploitative one, since workers have little or no control over their labour and employers are able to generate profit by appropriating the product of workers' labour. Marx saw that class conflict over economic resources would become more acute with the passing of time. . The emergence of merchants and craftspeople marked the beginning of a commercial or capitalist class that came to displace the landed nobility. In accordance with this view of history, Marx argued that, just as the capitalists had united to overthrow the feudal order, so too would the capitalists be supplanted and a new order installed: communism, a classless society. Marx theorized the inevitability of a workers' revolution which would overthrow the capitalist system and usher in a new society in which there would be no classes - no large-scale divisions between rich and poor. 10 Consider why Marx’s work has had a far-reaching effect on the twentieth-century world. Commonly known as The Communist Manifesto, the Manifesto of the Communist Party (in German "Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei") has been one of the most influential political documents in the world, having a far-reaching effect on twentieth-century political organization. In this 1848 publication, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels expound the program and purpose of the Communist League who commissioned the work. A critique of the Capitalist order of the time, the Manifesto gives a vision of a stateless, classless society, achieved through the overthrow of bourgeois social systems and the abolition of private property - the revolution of the proletariat. He did not mean that all inequalities between individuals would disappear. Rather, society would no longer be split into a small class that monopolizes economic and political power and the large mass of people who benefit little from the wealth their work creates. The economic system would come under communal ownership, and a more humane society than we know at present would be established. Marx
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