separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them tothe separation.We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all menare created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that amongthese are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, asto them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness... 1)Close Reading: What are the three unalienable rights, or rights that can’t be taken away or denied, listed in lines 12 and 13 of the preamble of the Declaration of Independence? a)Lifeb)libertyc)pursuit of happiness2)Analysis: The writers of the Declaration of Independence wrote that “Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consentof the governed” [lines 14 - 16]. What does this mean in terms of how governments get power? This term means that the citizens of the government are the ones that give fair power to its government.3)Contextualization: Which Enlightenment philosopher/thinker influenced the ideas expressed in questions 1 and 2?I believe John Locke is the philosopher who influenced the ideas expressed in questions 1 and 2.
4)Close Reading: According to the preamble, when do people have the right to abolish their government [lines16 - 18]? Whenever a government becomes destructive it is the right of citizens to abolish their government.
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- Fall '19
- United States Declaration of Independence, The Declaration of Independence