Imitation spontaneous copying of actions skills present at time of birth in

Imitation spontaneous copying of actions skills

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Imitation - spontaneous copying of actions - skills present at time of birth in normally developing babies - critical for learning - early imitation skills are related to later language skills, symbolic and social behaviors, etc.
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- Mirror Neurons: area of the brain that responds when you perform or watch someone else perform an action - theorized involvement of mirror neurons and therefor Theory of Mind (TOM) - deficits in initiation and accuracy in ASD (gestures and imitation with objects) - meta-analysis demonstrated impaired imitation in ASD and was specific to ASD Joint Attention - sharing with another person the experience of a third object or event - ability during early childhood related to later social abilities - usually develops around 12 months - deficits in initiation and response to joint attention have been found in ASD Video (GeneticaLense/wellchildrens.com) - Risk Alert: Joint Attention - Joint/Shared Attention: impulse to connect socially with others - child wants to be paying attention to what adult is paying attention to - single most important sign a. Initiating to pointing - pointing = most important single behavior - by 9 months child should be looking back and forth between object and adult - by 1 year child should be pointing with index finger (not pointing to request, just joy of shared interest) then point coordinates with gaze shifting b. Bringing to show - or holds it up for you to see - just to share an interesting thing, not to request c. Following an adult point - the adult looks/points at something, will the child look to see what it is?
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