Imitation-spontaneous copying of actions-skills present at time of birth in normally developing babies-critical for learning- early imitation skills are related to later language skills, symbolic and social behaviors, etc.
-Mirror Neurons: area of the brain that responds when you perform or watch someone else perform an action-theorized involvement of mirror neurons and therefor Theory of Mind (TOM)-deficits in initiation and accuracy in ASD (gestures and imitation with objects)- meta-analysis demonstrated impaired imitation in ASD and was specific to ASDJoint Attention-sharing with another person the experience of a third object or event-ability during early childhood related to later social abilities-usually develops around 12 months-deficits in initiation and response to joint attention have been found in ASDVideo (GeneticaLense/wellchildrens.com)-Risk Alert: Joint Attention- Joint/Shared Attention: impulse to connect socially with others- child wants to be paying attention to what adult is paying attention to- single most important signa.Initiating to pointing- pointing = most important single behavior- by 9 monthschild should be looking back and forth between object and adult - by 1 yearchild should be pointing with index finger (not pointing to request, just joy of shared interest)then point coordinates with gaze shiftingb.Bringing to show- or holds it up for you to see- just to share an interesting thing, not to requestc.Following an adult point- the adult looks/points at something, will the child look to see what it is?
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