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negative feedback loop, the problem can be simply pointed out the family which results in change, or the therapist can simply block the problematic sequence in order to gain change. Thisis tantamount to “beating the family at their own game” (Nichols, 2014). This type of therapy is utilized for families who have adolescents that are experiencing risk-taking or problematic
STRATEGIC VERSUS STRUCTURAL FAMILY THERAPY Williamson 3behaviors (Szapocznik, Schwartz, Muir, and Brown, 2012). In most cases, drug abusing and delinquent adolescents are referred to treatment by the juvenile justice system. On occasion, adolescents may be referred by schools or social service agencies (Szapocznik, Schwartz, Muir, and Brown, 2012). Strengths for strategic family therapy includes that it can be brief or approximately twelve sessions and achieved through six steps of change (Nichols, 2014). Furthermore, it was initially felt to be clever and prescriptive (Nichols, 2014). However, as mentioned earlier, the main weakness is the manipulation factor which brought a great deal of criticism and ended up not being a exemplary model for those families who have a great deal of inflexibility (Nichols, 2014). Structural Family Therapy“Structural family therapy looks for the explanation of problems in relational networks, rather than individual psychodynamics” (Colapinto, pg. 108, 2019). Salvador Minuchin’s was asa master of technique which helped to establish the popular family therapy method of structural family therapy which states every family has structure. This structure is best seen when the family is in action the individual, family and social context. This model is currently the most widely used (Nichols, 2014). The popularity of this model is due to the simplicity, practical nature, and inclusiveness (Nichols, 2014). However, according to McAdams et al, (2016), “the recommended direction for future inquiry includes the establishment of structural family therapy’s place among other treatment models as an evidence-based practice.”