B on the front of an animal c an outer layer of skin

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B] On the front of an animal. C] An outer layer of skin. D] An organism that lives inside another organism E] A layer of tissue that covers a cell nucleus. 16. Assume the 2017 Nobel Prize winner for Chemistry was asked about the best way to teach KINE 2049. The chemist provides an answer. Which of the “Ways of Knowing”, discussed in lecture, has been illustrated with this example? A] Custom and Tradition B] Authority C] Reasoning D] Scientific Inquiry E] Empiricism 17. In lecture it was stated that research requires courage because things are discovered that are contrary to current knowledge. Three [3] stages of truth were also discussed. Select the correct order for the 3 stages. A] Ridicule; Opposition; Self Evident. B] Ridicule; Self Evident; Opposition. C] Opposition; Ridicule; Self Evident. D] Opposition; Self Evident; Ridicule. E] Self Evident; Ridicule; Opposition. F] Self Evident; Opposition; Ridicule. 18. The Pyramid of Evidence has been mentioned several times in lecture. Put the types of studies into order from most to least reliable . A] RCT; Expert opinion; Controlled not random; Cohort or Case control; Multiple time series. B] RCT; Controlled not random; Cohort or Case control; Multiple time series; Expert opinion. C] RCT; Multiple time series; Controlled not random; Cohort or Case control; Expert opinion. D] RCT; Controlled not random; Multiple time series; Cohort or Case control; Expert opinion. E] RCT; Controlled not random; Expert opinion; Cohort or Case control; Multiple time series. 5
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19. Assume you have been asked to conduct research on foot pain in factory workers. Out of 100 workers in Factory A it was revealed that 20 workers experienced foot pain on the job. In Factory B, 40 workers of 100 workers developed foot pain. What is the RR [Relative Risk or Risk Ratio] of developing foot pain for workers in Factory B compared to Factory A? A] 20%/40% = 0.5 Decreased risk in Factory B B] 40%/20% = 2.0 Increased risk in Factory B C] [40%-20%]/20% = 1 No risk outcome D] 1/[40%-20%] = 5 Very high risk in Factory B 20. Suppose in a well-designed randomised controlled trial in children with a particular disease, found that 20 per cent of the control group developed bad outcomes, compared with only 12 per cent of those receiving treatment. What is the NNT for this study? A] 20% - 12 % = 8 B] [20% - 12%] / 100 = 0.00080 C] [88% - 80%] / 80% = 0.10 D] 100 / [20% - 12%] = 12.5 21. The term “ spin doctor ” was used in lecture. This term is used to describe someone who: A] is responsible for ensuring medicine has been properly labelled and stored. B] attempts to ensure people interpret information from a particular perspective. C] oversees people exercising vigorously in activities like spinning classes and cross-fit. D] was one of the original researchers in a study and therefore is the best person to describe the results. 22. Assume a study was done to measure the number of words spoken daily by female and male students. Typical scores were about 15,000 words per day. The subjects were studied for two weeks. Select the phrases that best describe this study.
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  • Winter '11
  • mervmosher
  • researcher, C3

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