Eastern orthodoxy has its primary patriarch where

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Eastern Orthodoxy has its primary patriarch where: Icons o John of Damascus: Syrian monk and priest, wrote in defense of icons o In Defense of Icons – main points: venerate and don’t worship iconsdon’t worship images as much as godbook for literate, image for illiterate 10 commandments are obsolete. o Second Council of Nicaea (date): 787. 7th council, affirmed John of Damascus' views, 7 sacraments are decided on. Role of Crusades: Regain holy land from muslims, hardened breach between east orthodoxy and roman catholics. o Pope Urban II: Initiated first crusades, if die fighting all sins are forgiven and willing to go to heaven. 1054: Great schism with the west Theology o Theosis: Soteriology, idea that you can become God. o National Churches: Russian, Greek, ornate architecture to be closer to God. o What is authoritative how many councils: 7 relation of Scripture and Tradition: The Ancient Church View of Roman Papacy: Reject it Sacraments: 7 sacrements triune immersion of infants. Worship/Hagia Sophia Medieval Thought: Anselm, Abelard, Aquinas Anselm of Canterbury: Benadictine monk, archbishop of canterbury, 1033-1109 o Relation of Faith and Reason: faith seeking understanding - to learn, start with faith and work from there, believe so that I understand; anslem of canterbury o Ontological Argument – definition, summarize: Being which none greater can be conceived, being in reality is greater than being in thought, god exists in reality . Gaunilo: Objected to ontological argument, can think of a perfect island but does not mean it exists, valid except this is god we are talking about
9 o He rejected Ransom Theory (define): Anselm rejected it, idea during early christian era, human in bondage to sin and devil, mouse cheese, bait fish hook, god over devil, humans released of bondage, god cant pay off devil - problem Gregory of Nyssa: Fish hook idea of ransom theory, god is hook, jesus is bait, devil is fish. o Satisfaction Theory of the Atonement - basic outline, key words: Based on logical reasoning, feudal imagery, gods honor injured by sin, debt created and must be satisfied, humans can't, god can but wont, substitute God-man to pay, forgiveness of all sins, grace. Cur Deus Homo: Why God became Man, by anselm of canterbury, proposed satisfaction theory Abelard: French noble, parapatetic teacher, moral influence theory of atonement, forgiving love. o Heloise: French nun, writer, scholar, affair with Abelard, had child o Moral Influence Theory of the Atonement - basic outline/love: Cross was symbol of love, Jesus died because of forgiving love Thomas Aquinas: o Greatest theologian of medieval era: Fat, 1225-1274, referred to as a dumb ox, but one of the most important theological scholars, known for education o Dumb Ox: Dominicans o Summa Theologica : Wrote this book it was a summary of theology .

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