For the final build of personality trait, John should be trained using Operant conditioning to become a more practical person. Operant Conditioning: Using Positive/Negative reinforcements and Punishments John can be trained to be more practical. Example: Whenever John performs a practical task, such as save up for something he would like to purchase more money can be provided to act as a positive reinforcement. Likewise, whenever John spends more on unnecessary things, a certain percent of money is taken away from him. Alongside with Operant conditioning observational learning is made use of by teaching and advising John about what is practical and what is impractical in life. Further on, when he takes various decisions in life, they are awarded either by reinforcements or punishments depending on the decision taken.
Abhinand Jayasankaran Psychology-221 A20400248 12th Feb, 2019 Assignment-2 With time by performing such varied forms of Operant and Classical conditioning, John can be trained to develop certain characteristics similar to sherlock. A point further to build on is the periodicity or schedule of the operant conditioning. Using a scheduled partial reinforcement John can be shaped into developing the desired personality traits with a longer period of extinction. Question 2.) To what degree do you think these conditioning principles alone shape personality, and what problems might you expect with this approach on humans? Answer: Classical and Operant conditioning are highly effective for training and bringing up or shaping someone’s personality. However, limitations do exist and isn’t full proof in bringing up a completely desired personality. Personally, I believe that personalities are pre-inscribed within someone and that an individual has certain limitations up to which conditioning can show any change. Conditioning principles can be used to shape up a small amount of desired personalities, however, with passing of time John will simultaneously have his own aspirations and desires. John with his growing age will develop his own ideologies and form an image of his future self and will work sub-consciously to achieving that self-image. Another important thing to note I feel is the concept of self-induced ideologies. We as individuals develop our own ideas with the passing of time. We sub-consciously tend to follow ideas that are self-induced, i.e., an idea that develops within our own mental preset. Even though due to conditioning new ideologies, perspectives and habits are induced they are destined to be extinct and fade away with time. This means that, the principles of conditioning can help create a boundary for the required personality trait however, the end result of the developed personality is a question of probability and self-development. This means that, I will be able to condition John to be someone who has a higher IQ and a certain behavior, however, in the end he may come to be nowhere as close to Sherlock Holmes as John will begin to develop his own ideologies and transform himself according to them. In the end, the only way to condition John to become like sherlock Holmes, I feel, is to eradicate his own thought process. But to do so is impossible as thinking for oneself and self-inducing thoughts is one of the most human things to do as is in our evolutionary nature. Hence, conditioning can be limited to developing certain personality traits but not effective enough to create a preset individual.
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