15.What is the name of the (theoretical) common ancestral language of all languages discussed in this key issue of the chapter? 16.Why is its existence difficult (impossible) to prove? 17. Contrast the two views of the origin of this language in the chart below. “Kurgan” Theory Renfrew Hypothesis ● Nomadic Warrior Thesis ● Kurgans (from present day Russia) ● Kurgans conquered land in Europe & southern Asia spreading Proto-Indo- European ● Between 3500-2500 BC ● Sedentary Farmer Thesis ● In present day Turkey 2,000 years before the Kurgans ● Diffused through Europe & southern Asia through agricultural practices Key Issue 3: Why Do Individual Languages Vary Among Places? Pages 158-163 1.Dialectsare defined as “regional variations of a language” and are distinguished by threethings. What are they? 2.Explain what an isoglossis.
The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Chapter 5: Languages 3.People from all threeeastern regions (New England, Southeastern, Midlands) migrated into the Midwest, Great Plains and Western United States. Why is there a relatively uniform form of English (dialect) spoken across this enormous area? 4.Define standard language : 5.What is the standard language for of English? Where did it come from (3 cities)? How was it diffused throughout Britain? 6.In a single word, why is American English different from that spoken in England? 7.Why don’t people in the United States speak “proper” English?
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- Spring '17
- Key Issues, languages, Indo-European languages, Germanic languages, Cultural Landscape