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Especially because the things they have to know are

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especially ‘because the things they have to know are not imparted in an order appropriate to a method of teaching’: an order he proposes to introduce. It may well have been his enthusiasm for this new approach that led him to abandon work on his quite differently organized Compendium theologiae , and his natural preoccupation during this period with the writing of Summa theologiae Ia may also help to account for the fact that his other work of that time shows a special interest in the nature and operations of the human soul, the subject matter of Questions 75–89 of Ia (see §13 below). Aquinas 1. Explain the four modes of causality discussed in class. - Material Cause - pertains to matter or the “stuff” of the world Efficient Cause - The thing which happened to bring about certain results. Appears in his theory of knowledge about the physical world. Formal Cause – Blueprint, form. Ex) Form of perfect circle exists, all other circles are imperfect copy of formal cause. Final Cause - the goal or purpose toward which a thing is oriented. 2. Is God’s existence known innately ? Is it self-evident to us? (Note: Brian Davies’ text is especially helpful on this point) Why or why not (for both questions)? - God’s existence is innately known to us. God is man’s happiness (beatitude) and to the degree that we all seek happiness and contentment, to that degree we are responding to an innate sense that there is something more (God). -God’s existence is not self-evident to us because what it is to be God is not evident to us. We do not start with knowledge of God, we begin as knowing the world in which we live. 3. Discuss Aquinas’ method of “ natural theology ,” and how he uses this to prove God’s existence in the “Five Ways.” (Note: Brian Davies’ text is especially helpful on this point) 4. Summarize the argument of one of the five ways to God’s existence. - First Mover Argument – Everything has the potential to move, Everything moving must be moved by another, Every mover must be actual, Nothing can be potential and action at the same time (move itself), can’t be an infinite regress or else nothing would move, things move, there must be an unmoved mover (God). 5. Name and explain the two kinds of evil Aquinas discusses. What is his basic conviction about the origin and existence of evil?
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