intelligence and creativity.pptx

How people use their intelligence rather than how

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How people use their intelligence rather than how intelligent person is Behaviour is part of a context/situation it occurs in not only test results Triarchic Theory of Intelligence Intelligence based on 3 aspects Componential intelligence – way we process information e.g. planning, problem solving, obtaining new information Experiential intelligence – way past experience contributes to knowledge and skills applied to daily life and tasks; more experience leads to coping better with demands of unfamiliar situations and can learn to process information automatically Contextual intelligence – ability to adapt to real-world situations and different contexts; culturally defined as certain abilities have more or less value in different cultures
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Heredity vs Environment HEREDITY (nature) ENVIRONMENT (nurture) Intelligence determined by innate skills/abilities Intelligence is result of environmental experiences People closely related have similar scores People raised in same environments have similar scores Identical twins have more similar scores than non-identical twins Children removed from disadvantaged homes with poorly educated parents get higher test scores than siblings left behind ?? Heredity determines a person’s potential Impoverished and unstimulating environments severely limits development of intellectual ability Heredity makes a major contribution to intellectual ability Environmental factors activate the potential
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Creative Thinking Generating original, novel, useful ideas Related to intelligence but not identically Not basic problem solving as it’s also inventive, original and adaptive Not generally an ‘aha’ moment as it is the result of hard work, experience and studying Tests – see unusual relationships, originality, going beyond everyday connections Associated thought processes – divergent thinking, convergent thinking, complex thinking
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Creative Thinking Divergent Thinking Producing unusual and unconventional thoughts or solutions to problems Thinking that goes off in different directions Expanding range of alternatives by generating many solutions Convergent Thinking Producing conventional or correct answers to problems Narrowing down alternatives to reach a single correct answer Relies on existing knowledge and logical solutions Cognitive Complexity Ability to think beyond what is presented Using complex thought patterns that includes both divergent and convergent thinking
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Flow Charts Diagram that organises information spatially in a way that shows a flow of information belonging to a central theme
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