N ? u không nh ờ vào s ự giúp ñ? c ? a anh

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(N ế u không nh vào s giúp ñỡ c a anh thì tôi c ũ ng không bi ế t ph i làm gì ñ ây). Có th ñả o l i: Had it not been for your help, I don’t know what to to. Not ñ ôi khi ñượ c thêm vào nh ng ñộ ng t sau if ñể bày t s nghi ng , không ch c ch n. (Có nên ... Hay không ...) I wonder if we shouldn’t ask the doctor to look at Mary. It would... if + subject + would... (s là... n ế u – không ñượ c dùng trong v ă n vi ế t) It would be better if they would tell every body in advance. (S là t t h ơ n n ế u h k cho m i ng ườ i t tr ướ c) How would we feel if this would happen to our family. (Ta s c m th y th ế nào n ế u ñ i u này x y ra ñố i v i gia ñ ình chúng ta.)
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 50 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng If...’d have...’d have : Dùng trong v ă n nói, không dùng trong v ă n vi ế t, di n ñạ t ñ i u ki n không th x y ra quá kh If I’d have known, I’d have told you. If she’d have recognized him it would have been funny. If + preposition + noun/verb... (subject + be b l ượ c b ) If in doubt, ask for help. (= If you are in doubt, ...) If about to go on a long journey, try to have a good nights sleep. (= If you are about to go on... ) If dùng v i m t s t nh ư any/anything/ever/not ñể di n ñạ t ph ñị nh There is little if any good evidence for flying saucers. (There is little evidence, if there is any at all, for flying saucers) (Có r t ít b ng ch ng v ñĩ a bay, n ế u qu là có th c) I’m not angry. If anything, I feel a little surprised. (Tôi không gi n d ñ âu. Mà có ch ă ng tôi c m th y h ơ i ng c nhiên) Cách nói này còn di n ñạ t ý ki ế n ướ m th : N ế u có... I’d say he was more like a father, if anything (Tôi xin nói r ng ông y còn h ơ n c m t ng ườ i cha, n ế u có th nói th ế .) He seldom if ever travel abroad. (Anh ta ch m y khi ñ i ra n ướ c ngoài) Usually, if not always, we write “cannot” as one word (Thông th ườ ng, nh ư ng không ph i là luôn luôn... ) If + Adjective = although (cho dù là) Ngh ĩ a không m nh b ng although - Dùng ñể di n ñạ t quan ñ i m riêng ho c v n ñề ñ ó không quan tr ng. His style, if simple, is pleasant to read. (V ă n phong c a ông ta, cho dù là ñơ n gi n, thì ñọ c c ũ ng thú) The profits, if little lower than last year’s, are still extremely wealthy (L i nhu n, cho dù là có th p h ơ n n ă m qua m t chút, thì v n là r t l n.) C u trúc này có th thay b ng may..., but His style may be simple, but it is pleasant to read.
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