Lastly i will discuss the concept of a levirate

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foreigners to that of Judges. Lastly I will discuss the concept of a Levirate marriage in Ruth, evaluating the concept of a levirate marriage and the practical applications in society. 4.1 Key Concepts in Ruth: Loving Kindness Mangano M (2005:241-243), states that although Yahweh is only explicitly active in one passage of Ruth (4:13), it is noted that the Hebrew word hesed ( דֶסֶח ) appears three times in the book of Ruth, stating the kindness of the Lord (Yahweh) and that of the people towards each other (cf. 1:8, 2:20 and 3:10). Referencing the New Testament to Ruth, we find only one reference, Jesus’ genealogy (Matt 1:5), Ruth was incorporated into the people of Yahweh as a God-fearing Gentile (Ruth 1:16-17). The connection is implied that God works behind the scenes in a hesed sort of way for those who respect and honor him (Rom 8:28), Mangano M (2005:242-243). 1
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ReadGHL_Historical Books Kinsman Redeemer Kinsman-redeemer ( ֵאֹג ל , gō ēl ), the relationship in Ruth chapter 4 has captured the discussion of many. The procedures have their roots in the legislation of Leviticus 25:25-55. However it is a fact that the event of Ruth doesn’t follow the legislation perfectly, since it was not specified that the deceased relative’s wife was an object of the kinsman-redeemer action. On the other hand, Mosaic laws did indeed have legislation for such a provision, but not in the kinsman-redeemer laws. The brother of the deceased was so designated (Deut 25:5-10), and the levirate laws do not list near kinsmen as potential suitors, Mangano M (2005:243) . Foreigner According to Mangano M (2005:241), there was explicit legislation on how to treat foreigners who live among the Israelites. Also on treatment of sojourners (Exod 22:12; 23:9; Lev 19:33-34; Deut 10:17-19). Although Israel did not always treat or accommodate the foreigners and the poor among them according to this legislation (cf. Isa 1:23; 10:1-2; Mal 3:5). Hubbard notes that the genealogy’s placement at the end of the book serves as a kind of chiasm with the genealogical structure of 1:1-5. It seems odd to trace the lineage of the great king of Judah to a foreign woman, Mangano M (2005:244). 4.2 Foreigners in Ruth When we have a look at the way foreigners were treated in the book of Ruth, we can come to a conclusion of the following: According to the legislation / rules for treating foreigners and sojourners; Israel wasn’t allowed to mistreat or oppress, as for they were foreigners in Egypt (Exodus 22:21; 23:9). Israel was to love and treat foreigners as their own people 2
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ReadGHL_Historical Books (Lev 19:34). Israel were to care for the foreigners needs, God implies that they should provide for the needs of the foreign people among them (Deut 10:17-19). When we read Ruth 2:11, we see Ruth was surprised when Boaz bestowed such kindness on her. She replied in humility and respect, asking why for she is just a foreigner, Dr. John Gill (1690-1771).
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