Page Ref: 5 3) The concept of "survival of the fittest" was coined by Herbert Spencer, the father of the philosophical view called social Darwinism. Page Ref: 6 4) Marxism and communism are identical political ideologies with both leading to a classless society. Page Ref: 7 5) Max Weber referred to the self-denying approach to life as the Protestant ethic. Page Ref: 8 6) Sociology first took root as an academic discipline in the United States at the University of California at Berkeley. Page Ref: 97) As a part of his studies in sociology, W. E. B. DuBois attended lectures by Max Weber at the University of Berlin. Page Ref: 10
8) Talcott Parsons is credited with being one of the major social reformers and social activists of the 1940s which led to a widespread acceptance of sociology as a social science in America. Page Ref: 12 9) Pure, basic, and applied sociology are all terms that mean virtually the same thing which is the application of the scientific method to the social world. Page Ref: 12 10) W. E. B. DuBois and Jane Addams are two early sociologists who would be most appropriately classified as applied sociologists. Page Ref: 12 11) Research aimed at learning more about some behavior is called basic sociology. Page Ref: 14 12) In functional analysis how the parts of a society fit together to make the whole refers to function. Page Ref: 16 13) Robert Merton and Emile Durkheim were both advocates of the concept of structural functionalism that views society as being composed of many interrelated parts. Page Ref: 16-17 14) Individuals becoming homeless because of welfare reform legislation that cuts all payments to non-working Americans after two years would be classified as a latent dysfunction of the legislation. Page Ref: 17 15) Symbolic interactionism and structural functionalism are both theoretical perspectives relying on macro level analysis. Page Ref: 19 16) Common sense is the most logical guide on which to base sociological research. Page Ref: 20 17) In a large series of scores, the mode is the most representative measure of the average score. Page Ref: 2418) Although sociological research should be value free, undesirable results should be discarded when they are contrary to the hypothesis. Page Ref: 26 19) When using unobtrusive measures the researcher observes the behavior of people without the subjects' knowledge they are being studied. Page Ref: 29
20) Repeating a study by other researchers to compare results is referred to as replication. Page Ref: 31Short Answer Questions 1) What is the scientific method?
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