Notes on the Readings

Speech is carefully selected and very particular the

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Speech is carefully selected and very particular. The protagonists of our entremés are stereotyped characters, identifiable within the brochure entremeses, but to which Cervantes attributes an unusual expressiveness when it comes to manifesting its attitude towards life, in this case marriage as a religious-social institution. One of the characteristic linguistic resources of the hors d'oeuvres is the insults and taunts that are thrown at each other. Insult is an act of speech performed within a social context. of a conventional framework, and recognized by both parties, that of the insulted and the one who performs the insult. The purpose is to hurt, to hurt the other person, who is considered inferior or not respected; he in- This is in a way an act of domination, of power. The act of insulting is not only determined by the conventions of a given community, but also for the time being and the place where it takes place. Both women and husbands represent a series of vices and defects recognizable by the audience. Husbands are an old Sado with a younger woman (old man), a bum without a job or benefit (soldier), a surgeon who claims to be a doctor, or a drunken ganapán; their
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defects are perceived within a social-economic structure, lack of goods, virility or vice for wine, which are some of the typical defects of the masculine gender. Women, on the other hand, they represent arrogance, bad character, the tendency to shout, those that- jas, selfishness. The first married couple is constituted by the old man and Mariana. Both are common characters in the hors d'oeuvres and represent a prac- common in that time, the old man married to a younger woman. They are unhappy because of the difference in age. Insults by The woman refers to the physical deterioration of the husband. Right from the beginning he calls it old, to continue calling it "bone basket" and "anus" he took »; In addition, as he has bad breath, he uses the saying "cedadico nue- ve, three days in stake »to make reference to his sexual impotence, saying that the news is short and that they no longer have sex. The wife accuses the husband of a series of defects attributed to age; the way to address her husband is violent, full of hatred, and shows the dissatisfaction of this woman within a socio-religious institution It's the one that can not escape. It is a common situation in a era in which the woman had no right to choose a husband, and in which Marriages were governed by rules of convenience. Such as Osterc indicates, "the woman was little less than a piece of furniture, that is, part of the goods. It belonged first to the father, and then to the husband. The ca- This corresponded to the parents and guardians, as the owner had his whim of his farm "(p.98). Mariana acts as a spokesperson for other women in the same social context. As Butler points out: «The sub- ject who speaks hate speech is clearly responsible for such speech, but that subject is rarely the originator of that speech »(page 34) because« the
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