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Really hard to unite within the republican party Also a lot of corruption in the republican party. The government is giving a lot of money to the South to rebuild, and some people take advantage of that. Embezzle public funds. Good things:
•Republicans were able to fund the construction of hospitals, prisons, construction of roads, and establish public school systems and found schools for African Americans in the south. •They introduce homestead exemption to protect the property of small farmers.•They abolish the black codes. •Make it easier for former slaves to negotiate their contracts.•Pass new laws that give black farmers more control over the crops that they grew. Freedmen and women still face persecution from southern whites. Violence posed a serious threat to African Americans in the south. The Ku Klux Klan•Would lynch both black and white republicans•Tried to prevent blacks from voting•Punished those who didn’t obey. •Works hand in hand with the democrat partyThe Knights of the White CamelliaThe Red ShirtsThe Night RidersAim was to intimidate Republican voters both white and black, and obstruct implimentation of Republication policies. Want to restore Louisiana to rule by white supremisists. Congress in 1871 will pass a law The Ku Klux Klan Act. Allows congress to act against the klan and other terrorist organizations. Northern States are reluctant, they don’t want to give the vote to African Americans. They think that radicals in congress have gone too far. The president encourages them and white southerners to resist reconstruction. Johnson is not helping at all with the practice. Ulysses S. Grant and the 1868 ElectionIn 1868 the issues of the civil war dominate the campaign. Republicans nominate Ulysses S. Grant. He was a civil war hero, and a very effective leader. They nominate him because he served as a reminder that Republicans won the war. “Let us have peace” Theme of the republican party. Republicans want order, stability, and peace. They are not as radical as before.1868 is considered the retreat from radical reconstructionUlysses S. Grant vs. Horatio Seymour (former governor from new york)Seymour hated emancipation. He wanted to get rid of reconstruction policies. During his campaign he promised to restore white rule to the south. HE wanted to UNDO
reconstruction. Violence swept the south during this time. Democrats tried to keep black voters from the polls. Grant wins the election. (Republican) Republicans also maintain control of congress. Grant had NO political experience. There were a lot of scandals and corruption during his terms in office. Although grant was not personally involved with the scandals, he surrounded himself around the wrong crowd. Corruption at the local and national level.