Both people with and without Spanish background receive the same sound stimulus

Both people with and without spanish background

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Both people with and without Spanish background receive the same sound stimulus from the environment but individual experiences and knowledge, in this case people with Spanish background, is influencing perception of the same stimulus
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Knowledge influences perception: lHermann Von Helmholtz proposed the theory of unconscious inference based on knowledge influencing perception lThis theory accounts for the fact that the stimuli we perceive can be seen in more than one way lExample: When looking at blue and red image, we perceive them as blue card in front of red card depicted in (b). However, theoretically speaking, it is possible that blue card is in front of a six-side red shape in (c) lThe theory of unconscious inference includes likelihood principle which is the idea that when we perceive an object, we do so in a manner most likely to cause the pattern based on experiences with similar situations in the past. lWe are used to see one object in front of another object. Thus, we would perceive this as likely scenario of blue red being in front of the red one i.e. more likely situation based on our experience with the world Gestalt Laws of Organization lThis type of understanding of the world as the fact that experience shapes how we perceive is led by a group of psychologists known as gestalt psychologists lThey introduced the Laws of Organization that helps us understand the world in a manner formed by our knowledge rather than pure simple perception elements lThey introduced Law of good continuation eg. A piece of rope has many areas overlapped but people don’t perceive as separate pieces rather as continuous leg. In the image right, apple is behind the banana, but you don’t perceive it as two different pieces of apples rather you know it’s one continuous apple hidden behind the banana lThere are other principles as well such as Law of Simplicity which tells us that we should assume the simplest structure eg. Olympics circles are not seen as different shapes seen in (b) but rather seen as interconnected rings as intended lLaw of similarity tells us that similar things are grouped together eg. image right (a) is seen as vertical lines but in (b) they are seen as individual vertical lines of different colors; Or based on similarity of colors, it allows us to see the image with number “2” lLaw of familiarity states that things that form meaningful familiar patterns happen to be grouped together eg. There are many faces in the bottom image and new faces are recognized once it’s looked at again. This is an example how elements within the scene organize to form and being reinterpreted as objects which are faces
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Recognizing and Interpreting is parallel lWhen recognizing things in the world, it’s two-step process: first information is collected and then is interpreted but this is not necessarily true lIn the image right, it looks like many dots in the first place scattered on the screen. With some work, the grouping of the dots can be rearranged to see dalmatian l
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