As a system of cultural meaning that very often

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

As a system of cultural meaning that very often intersects w/ power.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Exam #1 - Study Guide As a type of “identity” that’s expressed through cultural action. Patterned behavior (Sunday=drink & football), normative (be masculine), disruptive/transgressive (burp on date). Hegemony: Leadership/dominance one social group has over others (ex. Heterosexual group has power over homosexual) Agency: Sense of control. Awareness of one’s own actions in public (ex. Acting their gender) Judith Butler’s thoughts on sex, gender, and gender performance “Gender shouldn’t be just thought of as feminine & masculine, it should be a spectrum (genderfluid). - Genders shouldn’t be assumed to be binary Masculine & feminine gender doesn’t mean male or female - against essential male/female traits Gender is the effects of power & is performative. - Both sex and gender fall w/in systems of power & cultural meaning Butler coined the term “gender performativity” - a stylized repetition of acts, an imitation/miming of the dominant preconceived notions of gender. Gender is an impersonation...becoming gendered involves impersonating an ideal that nobody actually inhabits. Gender performance - The theory that gender exists by virtue of action rather than the possession of traits Sex (biologically male/female) is a cultural idea Heteronormative: Culture says heterosexuality is normative - anything outside is disruptive Doesn’t believe sex 1st and then gender 2nd as an elaboration of sex - Sex and gender should be considered separately from each other How 2nd & 3rd wave feminism are different, and how this relates to postmodernism 2nd wave: Focused on activism/academia (theory). Considered “bourgeoisie” (wealthy vs. proletariats - oppressed/workers) Says all women are oppressed Marxist theory - women are oppressed through systems of capitalism & private property Essentialism - things have a set of characteristics that make them what they are, men/women have intrinsically different characteristics Betty Friedan & Feminine Mystique - Housewives were dissatisfied/bored w/ lives. Only surveyed White, middle/upper class women. Liberal feminists - Focus on equality btw sexes (opportunity). (ex. Gain access to institutions); want removal of barriers of existing social, political, economic institutions Wanted positions in leadership in higher education, politics, abortion rights. Radical feminists - Focus on dismantling root cause of feminism → male dominance; viewed institutions as flawed, access was useless, want to restructure society/everyday life (Protest Miss America pageants) Included women of color more than the 1st wave. Women oppressed by race, class, and gender. 3rd wave: Focused on individual experience (private). Rejection of communal objectives, cultural relativism, neoliberalism (indiv is
Image of page 2
Exam #1 - Study Guide responsible for their upward mobility, not social/gov. support), consumerism.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern