Resolution creates life stories and directs the

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Resolution creates life stories and directs the individual towards new experiences e.g. new types of relationships, occupations, hobbies Crises portrayed as a conflict between two poles e.g. autonomy versus shame and guilt; struggle over the life stage occurs along a spectrum between the two ends where individual experiences are judged and incorporated until resolution meets an equilibrium Mix of both positive and negative experiences are important to foster a wide adaptability in certain skills or mindsets e.g. trust and mistrust Psychosocial crises, i.e. culture also factors into the tensions in each life stage Occurs in life stages, therefore the unique crises (unique because of age-related societal expectations) occur in a predictable progression Unpredictable crises can occur e.g. sudden societal-level disruption like war or natural disasters or more personal ones like an unexpected death Does this mean that a crisis expected later in the future can occur earlier? Other unforeseen crises may occur in the re-organization of previous experiences related to resolved crises when someone finds a significant other and re-confronts industry versus inferiority crisis Psychosocial crises play out repeatedly as the future tests what we learn or our conceptualization of experience Central Process for resolving the Psychosocial Crisis The method or steps taken to confront the new crisis of the new life stage and thereby attain skills to adequately meet the challenge; also results in a new or revised interpretation of the self and relationship to others
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Study Guide Psych 19 Chapters 2 and 3 Page 4 of 16 Example: imitation as the central process during the autonomy versus shame and guilt crisis; child, in seeking new experiences on their own, imitates the actions of adults and others while limiting breaches of guilt and shame Radius of Significant Relationships Describes the types and number of people that are significant others to an individual Tends to expand as one ages, from the nurturer to parents, peers, leaders, coworkers, and beyond; but not strictly linear, more like a network Relationships introduce the psychosocial crises by inserting expectations Quality of the network depends on psychosocial maturity and the nature of the relationships (e.g. family versus neighbors) of the members and can support or impede proper maturation Contexts of development include the social, economic, and historical background e.g. schools and other institutions and organizations that have unique expectations, members, and resources that guide development Culture is one element that places unique expectations on an individual depending on the shared values and beliefs of its members e.g. religion, geographical area, socioeconomics Subcultural groups like ethnic groups intersect the wider culture by also influencing values and beliefs in an individual and affecting their upbringing Coping behaviors?
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