MUSC 115 Study Guide for Midterm Exam.docx

Optimus discantor figured out how to juxtapose

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“Optimus discantor” - figured out how to juxtapose multiple voices, in organum, in rhythm together to form clausula Development of distinct motivic modules Faburden + Josquin Faburden - thirds and sixths are incorporated into organum Josquin starts using robust fuga organum, as exemplified in his Ave Maria Bach Ein Feste Burg He uses really robust, masterful counterpoint Q: Discuss the interwoven relationships between secular and sacred music during the periods covered in class. (Stauffer reading)
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Medieval Polyphony and advanced musical practice was originally developed within the Church Motet (with Pastourelle motetus voice) - Quant Florist la Violete Mauchaut’s Motets 1-17 - because they have lots of secular erotic language because it’s heavily influenced by the Song of Songs talking about spiritual/mystical relationship with God sexualize the relationship between God, as well as the relationship between Jesus and Church beating wives Renaissance Dufay used Se la face ay pale which is a love song, and used this to write a mass “Se la face ay pale” usually means “dying of love” or “dying of war,” but they used it to mean Christ’s blue face when dying on the Cross pop song elements are still retained, however - the educated listener would recognize this Josquin Ave Maria & El Grillo Composers are still very much involved in the Church Most music education still happens in the Church Baroque - Bach and Vivaldi and other known composers were still definitively involved in the Church for example, Bach was a cantor for the St. Thomas School Often, musical education was still facilitated through the Church In accordance with the tradition of borrowing music and re-fitting them to a “new” work, often Baroque composers would take a secular song and re-fit it to be a sacred song for a sacred purpose, and vice versa Oratorio - secular genre that came into the Church
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