Psychology in Action

  • No School
  • NONE 0
  • Notes
  • 36

This preview shows page 9 - 11 out of 36 pages.

Enter Masters and Johnson whose perceived role was to alert the American public to the extent and seriousness of sexual dissatisfaction. The problem was so severe according to Masters and Johnson that not only were half the marriages in America in danger, but the political stability of the country itself was threatened (p. 63). What could be done about this dangerous situation? One suggested solution for husbands and wives who were in these unfulfilling marriages was to masturbate. They especially advocated it for women during their menstrual period since it increases menstrual flow and reduces cramps, headaches, and backaches. Szasz facetiously refers to Masters and Johnson's promotion of masturbation for menstrual difficulties as better than Excedrin. As for their urging of older men to masturbate to keep in shape, Szasz refers to this bit of advice as "Use it or lose it," and equates it to "penile jogging" (p. 63). One of the new diagnostic categories to arise during this period was masturbatory orgasmic inadequacy. This is strictly a female disorder and refers to those who have not climaxed as a result of masturbation. This term applies even if a female has found heterosexual relationships satisfactory. Since this problem should be remedied, a nine-step exercise has been developed that will overcome this deficiency. Szasz's criticisms deal with much more than just the 180-degree change with regard to masturbation: he challenges the very concept of the "sexual expert." He is most vitriolic in his discussion of the research methods used by Masters and Johnson. Frankly, most people do not entertain a moderate position with regard to this type of research: they either agree strongly or disagree strongly with the Masters and Johnson approach. But if Szasz is right about there being no sexual experts, what's a person to do? Reference: Szasz, T. (1980). Sex by prescription . Garden City, NJ: Anchor Press/Doubleday. Instructor's Resource Guide                                Chapter 11                                       Page  86                                                                      
Image of page 9

Subscribe to view the full document.

  K ey T erms SEX ANF GENDER androgyny [an-DRAW-jah-nee] (p. 383) gender (p. 376) gender identity (p. 378) gender role (p. 376) gender schema theory (p. 378) sex (p. 376) sexual orientation (p. 379) social learning theory of gender role development (p. 377) SEXUAL BEHAVIOR excitement phase (p. 390) orgasm phase (p. 390) plateau phase (p. 390) refractory period (p. 390) resolution phase (p. 390) sexual prejudice (p. 393) sexual response cycle (p. 389) SEXUAL PROBLEMS AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) (p. 400) double standard (p. 376) HIV-positive (p. 400) performance anxiety (p. 395) sexual dysfunction (p. 394) sexual scripts (p. 396) Instructor's Resource Guide                                Chapter 11                                       Page  87                                                                      
Image of page 10
Image of page 11
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • '
  • NoProfessor
  • Human Sexuality, Sexual intercourse, Sexual arousal, Orgasm

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern