: bivariate table shows relationship, but partial show no or only weak relationship as original relationship actually caused by third factors (working mothers and delinquent children, mediated by supervision – indicating that if children have supervision, no more delinquency) o Suppression : bivariate table shows NO relationship, but third variable introduced and relationship emerges in the partial tables Chapter 12/13: Qualitative Interviewing & Field Research Qualitative Research Methods : those methods of data collection that involve gathering information or “data” in the form of words, sentences and paragraphs, or visual images o Data is often gathered for the purpose of identifying themes or the meanings that individuals attach to different experiences, behaviors or events o Data is words from documents, observations and treatments o Research procedures are particular and replication rarely occurs o Extracts themes or generalizations from evidence and organizes data to present coherent, plausible and consistent picture Quantitative Research Methods o Concepts are measured in the form of distinct variables o Data is numeric and derived from precise measurement procedures o Data is normally “controlled” o Procedures are standardized and may be replicated o Uses stats, tables, charts to discuss how the information presented relates to core hypotheses BOTH o Examine social life and generate theories to account for what’s observed o Both rely on some for or another of observation as a means for collecting information or evidence or “data”, regardless of what form that data may assume
o Both rely on systemic methods to collect data and then to analyze the data collected o Both must offer “interpretations” of the data collected – should present in clear and understandable language o ** Both attempt to establish the existence of patterns of human behavior Qualitative Interviews vs. Friendly Interviews o Require consent / spontaneous greetings o Purpose for research / for the sake of talking o Researcher expresses interest and listens o Its essential to clarify terms and jargon o Formal closure acknowledges the end of the interview / no need for formal closure Sampling in Qualitative Interviews o Usually use nonprobability sampling o Sometimes focuses on a subgroup, often attainable only via snowball sampling o Interview sites are important for both safety of those involved (as “natural” as possible) Informants: an actor who works with the researcher to provide key information about research setting and the people involved o Key characteristics: Familiar with culture and has direct access to key events Involved in the culture being studied (not an ex-member) Has the time to spend with the researcher Non-analytical (non logical) in the sense that s/he uses the language and jargon of the group to make sense out of settings, rather then those used by media or outsiders Asking Questions: Kvale’s Typology o
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- Fall '14
- Sociology, Qualitative Research, researcher, Simple random sample