Backyard steel production caused many faulty equipment to be made many injuries

Backyard steel production caused many faulty

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“Backyard steel” production caused many faulty equipment to be made, many injuries, etc. e.Agricultural collectives amalgamated into giant comunes f.Significance:i.Failure to transform China into a competitive industrial nationii.The criticism Mao gains from this compels him to initiate the Cultural Revolution iii.Highlights the failure at poor government of Mao’s administration29. Sino-Soviet Split (1960–1989)a.China was backward with little heavy industry and small agricultural surplus.b.USSR was a largely industrial nation but could not self sustain natural resources for its economy c.Khrushchev adopted the policy of “peaceful coexistence” to defuse the Cold War and open up trade with the West;d.Dominant role of Chinese peasantry, Chinese Revolution was made in the countryside while Russian Revolution was in the urban environment e.The fundamental thesis of Maoism is that the USSR had been transformed into a capitalist state by the election of Nikita Khrushchev as its national leader.f.Significance:i.Justified China’s self contained economy and industrializationii.Shows how different circumstances USSR and China were in, Mao’s ideals clashed with Russia’s iii.Leads to improved relations between China and the U.S. 30. Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) a.Mao felt that the Great Leap Forward had solved China’s economic problem b.Plan A: Military Coup and Red Army, “Lei Feng” the model soldier, propaganda, Mao’s Little Red Book, cult of personality, etc.c.Plan B: Inner Party Purge, targeting questionable party members who were not loyal, by the next Major Party Congress, (1969), 70% of the party had been replaced d.Plan C: Create a culture of criticism, instilling zeal within the youth to rebel against teachers and criticize intellectuals and professors e.Significance:i.Mao used the Cultural Revolution to justify the failure of the Great Leap Forward
ii.Mao saw the failure as a flaw in society’s inability to cope with the new reform and a need to change the culture and thoughts of the peopleiii.Longevity of repercussions of the revolution, millions killed, tortured, humiliated, the numbness 31.Reform Era (1949-1976) a.See above.

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