’, The Sewanee Review , 114:1 (2006), pp. 139 – 43. For popular cultural studies see: MacIntyre, D.J., ‘ Russophobia in Great Britain, 1890-1907: A Study of an Image ’ (Diss., University of Iowa, 1963); Collins, A.S., ‘ The Russophobic Tradition in Britain ’ (PhD Thesis, University of Auckland, 1976); Resis, A., ‘ Russophobia and The ’ Testament ’ of Peter the Great, 1812- 1980’, Slavic Review , 44:4 (1985), pp. 681 – 93; Wheeler, G.E., ‘ Russophobia in the Western World: A Brief Case History ’, Asian Affairs , 15:2 (1984), pp. 138 – 43; Slatter, J., ‘ Bears in the Lion ’ s Den: The Figure of the Russian Revolutionary Emigrant in English Fiction, 1880- 1914’, The Slavonic and East European Review , 77:1 (1999), pp. 30 – 55; Cain, J.E., Bram Stoker and Russophobia: Evidence of the British Fear of Russia in Dracula and The Lady of the Shroud (Jefferson, NC, 2006); After the German seizure of Kiao Chau in December 1897, in March 1898 Russia secured a 25- year lease of Port Arthur (Dalian, Liaoning Province, PR China) from the Chinese. As T.G. Otte has argued, these two acts threw Salisbury ’ s government into crisis, and stirred a great deal of public anger in Britain. China, for many in Britain, was a highly valued asset, not to be lost to Germany and Russia, most of all. As T.G. Otte has argued, these two acts threw Salisbury ’ s government into crisis, and stirred a great deal of public anger in Britain. China, for many in Britain, was a highly valued asset, not to be lost to Germany and Russia, most of all. Otte, T.G., ‘‘ Avenge England ’ s Dishonour ’: By-Elections, Parliament and the Politics of Foreign Policy in 1898’, English Historical Review , CXXI:491 (1 April 2006), pp. 385 – 428. Matin, A.M., ‘ The Hun Is at the Gate I ’, pp. 317 – 56; Slatter, J., ‘ Bears in the Lion ’ s Den ’, pp. 30 – 55. 57 MacGregor, C.M., The Defence of India: A Strategical Study (Simla, 1884); Marvin, C., Shall Russia Have Penjdeh? (London, 1885); Marvin, C., The Russians at the Gates of Herat (New York, 1885); Vämbéry, Á., The Coming Struggle for India: Being an Account of the Encroachments of Russia in Central Asia, and of the Difficulties Sure to Arise Therefrom to England (London, 1885); Anon., Invasions of India from Central Asia (London, 1879); Anon., Russia ’ s March towards India (London, 1894); Malleson, G.B., The Russo-Afghan Question and the Invasion of India (London, 1885).
34 Chapter 1 fictional works were also accompanied by press debate and periodic panics. This was particularly true in 1878 when British opinion railed at the Russian threat to Constantinople during the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78) when G.H. MacDermott ’ s famous song gave birth to the idea of British ‘ jingoism ’ . 58 In 1877 and 1878 Jingo-meetings were held across Britain where men met to share their patriotism and to demand intervention in the Russo-Turkish War. Hugh Cunningham viewed these events as key to the foundation of the patriotic imperialism of the 1880s and beyond. The term ‘ jingoism ’ entered common usage to describe the belligerent nationalism which became prevalent in Britain in the decades before the First World War.
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