secondary data, iii) systematic collection and objective evaluation of data related to past occurrences with the help of techniques of criticism for historical searches and evaluation of the introduction and iv) synthesis and explanation of findings in order to test hypotheses concerning causos effect or trends of these went Historical studies attempt to provide in formation and under standing past Historical techniques and guidelines by which historians use historical sources and other evidence to research and them to write the history. 3.3 THE PURPOSE OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH Conducting historical research Researcher must serve several purpose as follows. It enables researcher to find out solutions to contemporary problem‟s which have their roots in the past ie it serves the purpose bringing about reforms in society the work of a historical researches sometimes sensitizer researcher to unjust or continued into present and require reform. A historical researcher studies the past with a detached prospective without any ego involvement with the past practices. Hence it could be easier for researcher to identify the misguided practices thus establishing them to bring about reforms. It throw light on present trend and can help it predicting future trend if we understand how an researcher or a group of researcher acted in the past we can predict how they will act in future similarly studying the past enables a researcher to understand the factor causes affecting present trends. In order to make such future prediction reliable and trust worthy the historical research need to identify and clearly describe
25 in which way the past differs from the present context and how the present social, economic and political situation and policies could have be an important impact on the present and the future. It enables a researcher to re evaluate data in relation to selected hypotnesis theories and generalization that are presently hold about the past. It emphasizes and analyzes the relative importance and the effect of the various interactions in the prevailing cultures. It enables us to understand how and why educational theories and practices developed. 3.4 CHARACTERISTIC OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH: These are as follows: It is not a more accumulation of facts and data or cum a polrcyal of past events. It is a slowing uibrant report of past events which involves an analysis and explanation of these occurrences with the objective of recap turing the nuances personalities and ideas that influenced these events. Conducting historical research involves the process of collecting and reading the research material collected and writing the manuscript from the data collected the researcher of ten goes back and forth between collecting reading and in writing. Ie the process of data collection and analysis are does simultaneously are not two distinct phases of research. It deals with discovery of data that already exists and does not involve creation of data using structured tools. It is analytical in that is uses logical induction.