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Psychology in Action

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Answers can be found at the end of this study guide chapter. Instructor’s Resource Guide Chapter  8  Page  265
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H andout 8.1 - Critical Thinking A Test For Critical Thinkers Place a check mark next to each item that you believe is true (most of the time) of your personal thinking patterns . ____I think for myself and am not easily manipulated by others. ____I recognize my own values and perspectives, and I can talk insightfully about the influences on my beliefs. ____I do not simply accept conclusions; I evaluate and critique the underlying reasons. ____I recognize irrelevant facts and false assumptions, and I discount them. ____I am able to consider the strengths and weaknesses of my own point of view and that of opposing positions. ____I admit my tendency toward egocentrism and my capacity for self-deception; and I work to overcome them. ____I am able to distinguish what I know from what I don't know; and I am not afraid when "I don't know." ____I am willing to consider all available information when working on problems or making decisions; and I am also flexible and willing to try any good idea whether it has been done before or not. ____When evaluating the behavior of myself and others, I am conscious of the standards I use, and I am especially concerned with the consequences of actions. ____I am a good questioner. I like to probe deeply into issues, to dig down to root ideas, to find out what's really going on. ____I am comfortable being questioned, and I do not become defensive, confused, or intimidated. I welcome good questions since they help to clarify my thinking. ____I am a critical reader. I read with healthy skepticism, while reserving judgment until I fully understand the author's perspective. EXERCISE II Instructor’s Resource Guide Chapter  8  Page  266
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Metacognition (A Cognitive Skill) Metacognition, also known as reflective or recursive thinking, involves a review and analysis of your own mental processes-- thinking about your own thinking. Below is a problem that involves this type of active learning. Take a few minutes and work on it. Problem There is a bird, Tweety, that likes to perch on the roof of Casey Jones, a locomotive that travels the 200-mile route from Cucamonga to Kalamazoo. As Casey Jones pulls out from Cucamonga, the bird takes to the air and flies to Kalamazoo, the train's destination. Because the train travels at only 50 mph whereas the bird travels at 100 mph, Tweety reaches Kalamazoo before the train and finds that it has nowhere to perch. So the bird flies back to the train and finds it still moving, whereupon Tweety flies back to Kalamazoo, then back to the train, and so on until Casey Jones finally arrives in Kalamazoo, where the bird finally rests on the locomotive's roof. How far has the bird flown? This exercise helps apply what you've learned in your textbook about steps involved problem solving. To review these steps, fill in the name of the step, then describe the processes you used during each step in solving the above problem. Make sure you include the following terms, if applicable: algorithm
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  • Intelligence quotient, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Watchmen

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