Joint committee on reconstruction reconstruction acts

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Joint Committee on Reconstruction Reconstruction Acts - 1867 remove Black Codes remove Black Codes Moderates swarm to radicals Congress takes charge ; Johnson fights back Johnson fights back Pass 14 Pass 14 th … 15 … 15 th Amendments Amendments Impeach Andrew Johnson !! Impeach Andrew Johnson !! Make the South pay forever … vengeance Make the South pay forever … vengeance Congress Takes Initiative Southern Elections – NO WAY ! NOT NOW ! NEVER AJ declares ‘restoration’ complete Black Codes Southern violence & terrorism Moderates swarm to radicals Congress refuses to seat Southern Men Radicals : Waving Bloody Shirt Joint Committee on Reconstruction Congress takes charge ; Johnson fights bac Radicals push Congress : ~ guarantee Old South Rebel aristocracy NEVER return to power ~ Fear of re-enslavement ~ Protect Blacks in South ( jobs, educations, farms ) … ~ Freedmen’s Bureau ~ equal political + economic rights ~ transform South… diversified, industrial, infrastructure… Charles Sumner Thaddeus Stevens confiscate 400 mill. acres.. Top 10% … redistribute Most N. whites … racist.. White supremacist… no vote or equality BUT…did believe Blacks should have opportunities and rights 14
Southern Blacks… ½ population Future Republicans ???? Counter Ex-Confederates .. Est. Southern Republican Party … Dominate national politics WAVING THE BLOODY SHIRT … SOUTH … ALL YOUR FAULT South Started the War 630,000 dead Your Fault Punish !!! No Vote No Office Holding Traitors Lynch, threaten Freedmen Create a new South Black males vote South Republican Party Freedman’s Bureau exp. Military Control Stick It-2-Em Clash of the Titan’s AJ’s actions lead to break with Congress Radicals hopping mad … moderates flock to Radicals Charles Sumner Thaddeus Stevens Benjamin Wade, Pres. Pro Tem Joint Committee on Reconstruction Vetoes Freedman’s Bureau extension Special Courts to protect Blacks Vetoes Civil Rights Act ( 1866 ) Blacks full citizenship nullify Black Codes Blacks = rights Congress overrides … 1st x ever !! No Black vote 1866 – 1872 * Radical’s Take Charge (5) Reconstruction Acts 1867 - 1868 13 .. 14 .. 15 th Amendments 15
* Military Rule + Martial law * Impeach Johnson * Republican Govt.’s throughout South South Started the War 633,000 dead Their Fault Punish !!! No Vote No Office Holding Traitors Lynch, threaten Freedmen Create a new South Black males vote South Republican Party Freedman’s Bureau exp. Military Control Stick It-2-Em Radical “ Black’ Reconstruction 1867 – 1870’s 13 th Amendment 14 th Amendment 15 th Amendment Repudiate Secession Repudiate Confederate War Debt Freedman’s Bureau Black Vote / New G.O.P. Military Rule Ex-Confederates Dis-enfranchised -No Office holding 14 th Amendment Radical’s take charge Moderates support 16
Destroy Johnson’s pro-South Plan Defines citizenship Gives Fed. Govt. responsibility for guaranteeing equal rights for ALL citizens … states NOT abridge citizens right to … ~ life ~ liberty ~

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