Relatively cheap calories with limited nutritional

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Relatively cheap calories with limited nutritional value#2 FamineFarmers dependent on a few crops are at risk of famine when these crops failIrish Potato FamineHunter-Gatherers have such a diverse diet that they can almost always find something to eatThe San live in the Kalahari Desert, but starvation was unknown among them when they were hunter-gatherers#3 DiseasePoor nutrition promoted diseases among settled agriculturalists2 other factors also promoted diseases with settled ag.Dense Settlement: Crowd diseases spread through dense settlementProblem for settled ag., not H-G’sOrigins of Diseases: Most deadly human diseases were contracted from domesticated animalsCattle: Measles, Tuberculosis, SmallpoxPigs and Ducks: FluRats: PlagueSociety and Health TodayThese examples show how the organization of social relations had great effects on health in the pastContinues to be the case todayRecognized by the medical professionHere at McGill we have the Department of Social Studies ofMedicine in the Faculty of MedicineMedical students have to learn about the social determinants of health
Three main ways social relations affect health#1: LifestyleHumans have different lifestyles, and these affect health in different waysHunter-gatherers vs. settled agriculture exampleAffected diet, risk of famine, and diseasesCannibalism: Disease similar to mad-cow disease affected peoples in Papua New GuineaTransmitted by eating human brainOther examples more relevant to Canada today: Smoking, alcohol, exercise, sitting, etc.Lifestyle ContinuedHIV/AIDS in Botswana: Lifestyle influentialEfforts to fight the disease have included efforts to change life styleMines: Men live away from families, promotes prostitution and extra-marital affairsBreast Feeding: Can pass virus to infantCondoms: Preference not to practice safe sexLifestyle and Social CapitalSocial Capital: The networks or connections that individuals possess How many people you interact with on a regular basisSome people have many, some fewCommon finding that those individuals with more more social capital have better healthWhy do sociable people have better health?Kodokushi: Dying alone in Japan #2: Public Services/PolicyGovernments offer services affecting healthPublic health careSewage and clean waterEducation (especially female)Botswana: Over the past decade, life expectancy in Botswana has skyrocketed because of public policy giving free anti-retroviral drugs to the populationAlso programs encouraging the use of condoms, discouraging breast feeding by infected mothers, etc.

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