aspirations, consumptions choices, andcapabilities for ‘low-carbon behaviour’ – fromthe recycling of existing products to the de-velopment of new innovative products andprocesses. Many donors are in a strong posi-tion to influence policies in favour of a com-mitment to education. Donor organisations andpolicy makers leverage existing educa-tionalinitiatives to develop low-carbon devel-opmentcampaigns at different levels of the schoolsystem.40.One key role of donors is to create new al-liances for financing. Introduce initiativesthat connect institutional investors in devel-oped countries with green energy investorsin the developing world. One particularly im-portant task in this respect is to help set upchannels connecting finance in the OECDcountries with low-carbon investment needs in the developing world.41.Donor organisations may need to find waysof making long term commitmentsto lowcarbon development. It may be necessary topool donor support into funds to be able tofinance parts of the energy transformationsin low income countries. For example,donors may help finance feed-in tariffs sothat the costs is shifted away from poorconsumers in the South to large-scale donorfunds to ensure that transformation does notadversely affect existing energy consumers.42.International organisations also have a key roleto play in shaping perceptionsand dis-courses of low-carbon development. Efforts fo-cused on climate change mitigation sometimesoverlook the developing world’s energy accessimperatives, with the result that those policiesare often allowed to gravitate towards cheaper,high-carbon solutions. More comprehensiveefforts directed at low carbon developmentsometimes overlook the crucial role of learningand innovation.43.A change of valuesis needed in the globalcommunity. International policy debates are notyet driven by the proposed new notion of low-carbon development. The policy agenda isoften driven by the more narrow notions of cli-mate change and is heavily influenced by eco-nomic interest. Those engaged in internationalassistance can help to spearhead this process– in recipient countries as well as at home.16 GLOBELICS THEMATIC REVIEW
1. Innovation for low-carbon developmentStating the problemAmong climate researchers, there is increasingagreement that the rise in the global mean temper-ature is due to a human-induced atmospheric con-centration of greenhouse gases. If climate changeis to remain within acceptable bounds, both in termsof pace and magnitude, the current systems forproducing energy-based fossil fuels must bechanged gradually into systems based onrenewable energy; the direct as well as the indirectconsump-tion of energy must be reduced. In thisthematic review, we define and describe low-carbondevelop-ment as an important element of such areductionin greenhouse gas emissions.
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