aspirations consumptions choices and capabilities for low carbon behaviour from

Aspirations consumptions choices and capabilities for

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aspirations, consumptions choices, and capabilities for ‘low-carbon behaviour’ – from the recycling of existing products to the de- velopment of new innovative products and processes. Many donors are in a strong posi- tion to influence policies in favour of a com- mitment to education. Donor organisations and policy makers leverage existing educa-tional initiatives to develop low-carbon devel-opment campaigns at different levels of the school system. 40. One key role of donors is to create new al- liances for financing . Introduce initiatives that connect institutional investors in devel- oped countries with green energy investors in the developing world. One particularly im- portant task in this respect is to help set up channels connecting finance in the OECD countries with low-carbon investment needs in the developing world. 41. Donor organisations may need to find ways of making long term commitments to low carbon development. It may be necessary to pool donor support into funds to be able to finance parts of the energy transformations in low income countries. For example, donors may help finance feed-in tariffs so that the costs is shifted away from poor consumers in the South to large-scale donor funds to ensure that transformation does not adversely affect existing energy consumers. 42. International organisations also have a key role to play in shaping perceptions and dis- courses of low-carbon development. Efforts fo- cused on climate change mitigation sometimes overlook the developing world’s energy access imperatives, with the result that those policies are often allowed to gravitate towards cheaper, high-carbon solutions. More comprehensive efforts directed at low carbon development sometimes overlook the crucial role of learning and innovation. 43. A change of values is needed in the global community. International policy debates are not yet driven by the proposed new notion of low- carbon development. The policy agenda is often driven by the more narrow notions of cli- mate change and is heavily influenced by eco- nomic interest. Those engaged in international assistance can help to spearhead this process – in recipient countries as well as at home. 16 GLOBELICS THEMATIC REVIEW
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1. Innovation for low-carbon development Stating the problem Among climate researchers, there is increasing agreement that the rise in the global mean temper- ature is due to a human-induced atmospheric con- centration of greenhouse gases. If climate change is to remain within acceptable bounds, both in terms of pace and magnitude, the current systems for producing energy-based fossil fuels must be changed gradually into systems based on renewable energy; the direct as well as the indirect consump-tion of energy must be reduced. In this thematic review, we define and describe l ow-carbon develop-ment as an important element of such a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
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