Intervertebral disk The cushion that lies between two vertebrae Intracerebral

Intervertebral disk the cushion that lies between two

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Intervertebral disk - The cushion that lies between two vertebrae. Intracerebral hematoma - Bleeding within the brain tissue (parenchyma) itself; also referred to as an intraparenchymal hematoma. Intracranial pressure (ICP) - The pressure within the cranial vault. Involuntary activities - Actions of the body that are not under a person's conscious control. Linear skull fractures - Account for 80% of skull fractures; also referred to as nondisplaced skull fractures; commonly occur in the temporal-parietal region of the skull; not associated with deformities to the skull. Meninges - Three distinct layers of tissue that surround and protect the brain and the spinal cord within the skull and the spinal canal. Open head injury
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- Injury to the head often caused by a penetrating object in which there may be bleeding and exposed brain tissue. Primary (direct) injury - An injury to the brain and its associated structures that is a direct result of impact to the head. Raccoon eyes - Bruising under the eyes that may indicate a skull fracture. Retrograde amnesia - The inability to remember events leading up to a head injury. Secondary (indirect) injury - The "after effects" of the primary injury; includes abnormal processes such as cerebral edema, increased intracranial pressure, cerebral ischemia and hypoxia, and infection; onset is often delayed following the primary brain injury. Subarachnoid hemorrhage - Bleeding into the subarachnoid space, where the cerebrospinal fluid circulates. Subdural hematoma - An accumulation of blood beneath the dura mater but outside the brain. Subluxation - A partial or incomplete dislocation. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) - A traumatic insult to the brain capable of producing physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and vocational changes. Voluntary activities - Actions that we consciously perform, in which sensory input or conscious thought determines a specific muscular activity. Assessment in Action – CH 26 1. Decreased level of consciousness 2. An epidural hematoma 3. Temporal 4. Middle meningeal 5. Retrograde 6. Upper torso 7. Lucid interval
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8. Increased blood pressure, decreased pulse, irregular respirations 9. Primary injury is an injury to the brain and results from impact to the head. On the other hand, a secondary injury occurs as a result of the primary injury. 10. Carefully monitoring the patients, recognizing life-threatening injury, and properly managing your patient you can help to prevent such brain inuries. CHAPTER 27 – VITAL VOCAB + ASSESSMENT IN ACTION Cardiac tamponade (pericardial tamponade) - Compression of the heart as the result of buildup of blood or other fluid in the pericardial sac, leading to decreased cardiac output. Closed chest injury - An injury to the chest in which the skin is not broken, usually caused by blunt trauma.
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  • Summer '15
  • Mr.Morris
  • Traumatic brain injury, Injury, Pneumothorax, Neurotrauma, Bruising

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