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Contrary to expectations, the programs were more effective with adults (8% reduction) than with youth (2% reduction). Providing some form of restitution to victims was the activity most associated with reductions in offender recidivism As was victim satisfaction Future Direction in Youth Crime and Justice Research Future directions· More evaluations are needed, policies do more harm than good, especially with youngpeople.· Evaluations that have impact on youth committing crime are very low, more evaluations are needed. Using criminal justice system is too late system for kids, kids become broken. If theywere to have attention before they wouldn’t be in law.· Many criminal interventions are cheaper than paying courts, police, correctional systems· We know what does not work more than we know what does work· Ex. Reoffending: Average isn’t clear for kids, 40% of adults reoffend (that is a lot), by bringing number down will protect society and safe money. If we put intervention that bring down from 40- 35 % it works but not really bringing it down enough.· Reintegration Center· John Howard Societies of Toronto’s reintegration center. People from Detention Center, opportunity for inmates to find hope (food, water, clothes), helps to connect people(most people when getting out of jail have nowhere to go after being released, this is what this place is).· Try to prevent overdoses by giving them little drugs, not stopping all drugs· O’Grady works there, he is trying to do evaluation of program.· Across street from the Toronto South Detention Center: Can hold 1600 inmates( mostly in remand custody): Awaiting trial, wasn’t given bail· O’Grady and the Reintegration Center· Evaluation: When people come in they have to fill out form. He will use form as data for his study. People in center that are going to it are the experimental group, and see where they end up a year later. Want to see if in jail, better, or on streets? Will find out if the guys reoffended.· Aiming to get lower amount of reoffending individuals. Also getting data on people not going to the center and seeing what happens to these guys in a year's’ time.· Controlling for relevant factors: Length of criminal record, Males, Ethnic background. What they are in jail for, where they grew up, SES· Future study· EJM: Program more specific, employed by police usually first time offenders in non-seriouscrimes to divert them away from court systems. Will instead put kid in program. Mostly young kids, male. Want to answer in study 4 questions:· How many police departments in Canada put through these EJM are applied?· In Guelph these programs are used and good but in other places there is no programs (programs not uniform around country)· What percentage of youth are given EJM?
· Police don’t take data on it· If given a measure, what are they given (program, tell parents)?· Don’t know what they are given, some societies are different then others.· What happened to kids that were given EJM’s?· We don’t know because police don’t have data on it. All we know is that some young