DSST Intro to World Religions

Existed in all humans and a redeemer figure would

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existed in all humans and a redeemer figure would come reconnect humanity with maker ORTHODOX CHRISTIANS : Apostles’ Creed. SIMON PETER : 1 st Bishop of Roman church CONSTANTINE : gave Christianity state patronage (equal) and was baptized as he was dying GENTILES : Christianity spread in Roman empire because Gentiles (non-jews) could become Christian EDICT OF MILAN : what Constantine issued to give Christianity equal rights in 313ce AUGUSTINE : humanity helpless in ADAM’S sin and in need of GRACE/ideas of original sin, the fall of man, and predestination. PALAGIUS : free will/ no predestination/human’s not Wounded by ADAM’S sin/did not need divine aid to fulfill law/mankind was free to act as it would EDICT OF DECIUS : 250 AD/ all must profess faith in Roman religion (Christians Persecuted) CHARLEMAGNE : created HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE 4 th Century GREAT SCHISM : Two churchmen claimed the title of Pope 1377/Contributed to Papacy being in Rome THOMAS AQUINAS: greatest medieval Christian thinker/reason was limited and that divine revelation became necessary after a point. MARTIN LUTHER: Laid the foundation for the Protestant 1517 JOHN CALVIN : “Institutes of Christian Religion” became classic text of Protestant theology CALVINISM : each congregation led by elders/Bible is the only scripture one needs/individual born with original sin HUGUENOTS : French Protestants that followed the teachings of John Calvin PROTESTANTS : do not build their services around reading scripture ULRICH ZWINGLI : Reformation in Switzerland / theology was considered by many to be simple
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ABRAHAM: means “Father of Many Nations” MARK: Narrator of the ministry of Jesus from John the Baptists baptism of him until the ascension of Jesus/last week of his life HOSEA: earliest old testament writer JOHN WESLEY: Methodist Church 18 th Century/2nd most popular Protestant denomination in America after the Baptists. ECUMENICAL MOVENENT: Christian movement in the 20thC/move towards a reunification of Christianity ANTIOCH: early Christian Councils ADVENT: 4 days prior to Christmas eve (advent wreath) EPIPHANY: Jan 6, commemorate the presentation of infant Jesus to Magi EASTER: resurrection of Jesus is celebrated PENTECOST: 50 Days after Easter/holy spirit descended on remaining 11 apostles after resurrection SECOND VATICAN COUNCIL: Result=addressed relationship between Roman Catholic world and modern world/serious rethinking of the nature of revelation(modernize Roman Catholic Church) COUNCIL OF TRENT: Reassert church teachings(counteract reformation) COUNCIL OF NICAEA: JESUS determined to be DEVINE & HUMAN/ NICENE CREED COUNCIL OF CONSTANCE: Ended multiple Papacies/Seat of Church in ROME NAG HAMMADI: here in 1945 Gnostic Scriptures were found Gospel of Thomas was only complete one found ASSUMPTION of MARY: Her body taken into heaven at the end of her life, feast of the assumption is August 15 (Aug 28 for Orthodox) Church of LATER DAY SAINTS Book of Mormon
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