Education of court poets o Exposed to more knowledge than most courts at time

Education of court poets o exposed to more knowledge

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Education of court poets o Exposed to more knowledge than most courts at time Central figure of poets: o Frederick II, Stupor Mundi o Rights a little poetry Arab Poets Ibn Hamdis c. 1056-1133 (Siqilliyyat) o Normans conquer homeland of Sicily o Left Sicily after Norman takeover "Driven out of paradise" o youthful spirit under Arab rule, remembering homeland o He is sad that Sicily is no longer an Arab nation o Beauty and strength o Normans are the enemy o Arabs used to be powerful like lions, but jackals (Normans) takeover 6
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Khamriyya - wine song Ghazal - love poetry o Terminal disease Arab Worksheet questions: (refer to worksheet for questions) Abu Musa, Al-Buthayri, Abu Hafs, Al-Idrisi, and Ibn Bashrun o References Norman conquest o Abu Hafs wrote favorable poems to get out of jail o Generally, to ensure favorability and relevance o Praise Roger the 2 nd Enjoys Arabic culture, gardens, fountains o Al-Idrisi – silver sphere La Scuola Siciliana "The Sicilian School" o Magna Curia of Frederick II o Mid 13th century o First national literary movement in Italy First vernacular Italian poetry o Vernacular - language spoken by people, not the language of official documents (Latin) and the basis for modern Italian language o Most intense period of production was 1230-1240 Troubadoric tradition o Troubadours - French courtly entertainers, singers of Provençal love poetry, primarily oral tradition o Provencal 11th-12th century Derives metrics, rhetoric, imagery from Latin sources Derives notions of service & secret love from Arabic sources Derives spiritualization of passion from both cultures Love - humble and unrewarded service to a lady worshipped from afar Earthly love has higher, spiritual purpose Relationship of lover to beloved = analogous to feudal relationship of oath and obligation Aka courtly love Fin amor; o Woman seen as feudal lord 7
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o Poet / lover seen as vassal / subject o Disproportion of affection and desire o Poet is elevated in spirit by the beloved, but never at the same level as the beloved Verse forms o Canso - later canzone; love song o Tenso - later tenzone; poetic discussion Poets employed in Frederick II's court o Open education based society o Modern / secular court Frederick II founds University of Naples 1224 o Secular & classical teaching producing lawyers and administrators for the king's court o 14 th century Sicilian love poetry o Maintains tropes and metaphors of courtly love poetry but abstracts relationship (philosophy) and its players o Focus on natural phenomenon of love - "Science of love" o Many poems about nature of love, its physical effects and processes o Love becomes focus rather than the beloved Aristotle's de generatione et corruzione o Direct contrast to Catholic church o Concepts that govern relationship of poet to beloved o Man = materia & governed by the laws of matter and subjects to the forces of celestial bodies; man does not act on free will, but is acted upon o
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  • Spring '12
  • FedericoPacchioni
  • Sicily

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