Royal preceptor 왕사 royal teacher sungbyong monk

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= Royal Preceptor 왕사 – royal teacher Sungbyong = monk soldier Yondunghoe = lantern Festival Palgwanhoe = Harvest Festival Yangban – civil = munban Military = Muban Kwago Examination Changwon = private estate Wichang = Chartitable storage Sangpyongchang = Stabilizer storage Military Dictator (62 years) Yi Cha-gyom’s coup (80 years) Monk myongchung + geomacy
Koryo Kingdom = Buddhism period / little bit about Confucianism Sogyong – current Pyongyang ** Kaegyung (Kaesong) – capitcal city of Koryo Namgyong (Seoul) New ideology – pureland buddihsm , zin, gen *** Castle lords, aristocrats, Monks, merchants (while central government losing their power and money) ,people buying land or expanding land (villageman) (mr Kim established mini government in small town, with own tax system, life of farmers were hard under the central government >>abandoned their land and became thieves >>.causing a social chaos >>out of this situation, ambitious local leaders became rose and most influential warrior leader was Wangkon. Koryo (918~1392) – founded by Wang Kon (reigned as King T’aejo) from 88 to 943 Lasted for 475 Years / 34 Kings 고려 (high and beautiful) Origin of the name : Coree Kao-li –chinese , Korai (Japanese) - Gave a large land to King and a title as a chief minister (made him govern Kyongju) - He even politically married many classes from Silla. (She had 6 queens, and 25 other secondary wives) - Devoted to Buddhist, Buddhism influenced everyday lives of people, - Wang kon issued a governing guide book named Ten Injunctions (stating that Koryo was established under the protection of Buddhism) - Buddhism was not only considered , also as mentioned to protect the state - Kuksa, Wangsa were both filled with well-known, prominent, influential monks (national teacher, royal teacher) - political advisors to the king (lots of Buddhism influence on the prince >>who later became kings) - Koyro Buddhism is considered as Hoguk Buddhism - national belief , in this Buddhism, many monasteries got support from donations from royal family, aristocrats - Became rich with wine-making, and taxes from monasteries - To protect their temples and monasteries, the monks made a monk solider called sungbyong - later used for National purpose of war - In times of peace, Buddhism took a vital role of promoting people’s spiritual life and
- There were 2 Buddhist event during the year (yongdunghoe – 연등회 ( 석가모니 생일 ), and Palgwanghoe( 팔관해 ) – to thank heaven for sending the rain and sunset , etc(thanksgiving) - At Palgawanghae, 처형 dance (30000 buddhist monks and 4000 buddhist musicians participated) = this number indicates a huge impact of Buddhism on Koryo Koryo’s political structure King (rejected bone-rank system) and applied the political system of Tang China Samsung (Three Chancellors) 12 Provinces = provincial governors Central government didn’t allow the locals to govern the local area / limited number of years one can govern in one area >>feared that one would gather up their power in the region Hyangri 향리 local functionaries” ( who was selected by local population >>in order to

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