Janice wants to overcome her fear of snakes one

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Janice wants to overcome her fear of snakes. One therapist says she should get over it all at once, and he suggests visiting a pet store and holding a live snake until she no longer feels anxious. A second therapist suggests that she visualize a variety of different snakes while trying to remain relaxed. To treat Janice’s phobia, the first therapist is suggesting __________, whereas the second therapist is proposing __________. a. exposure; systematic desensitization b. systematic desensitization; exposure c. modeling; exposure and response prevention d. exposure and response prevention; modeling ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 49. Jerome is afraid of the ocean. In order to help him overcome his fear, Jerome’s therapist suggests that they immediately go swim in the ocean for 30 minutes. Jerome’s therapist is using the __________ technique. a. systematic desensitization b. placebo c. exposure d. simulation ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 50. Because people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have recurring intrusive thoughts and feel compelled to perform anxiety-reducing actions, the most commonly used treatment for OCD is a. cognitive therapy. b. cognitive-behavioral therapy. c. exposure. d. psychotropic medication. ANS: B DIF: Easy OBJ: 14.2c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 51. Arnold is working with a client who has obsessive-compulsive disorder. Although he will be treating the client with cognitive-behavioral therapy, Arnold would also like to prescribe a psychotropic medication to help relieve some of the client’s symptoms. Arnold should most likely try a(n) a. anti-anxiety drug. b. anti-psychotic. c. stimulant.
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d. antidepressant. ANS: D DIF: Difficult OBJ: 14.2c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 52. Dr. Carmine has a client with obsessive-compulsive disorder. He knows that if he can show his client that nothing bad will happen to her when she is exposed to a fear-inducing trigger, the conditioned association between her anxiety and the stimulus will be broken. To do this, he exposes her to a fearful stimulus and will not allow her to engage in compulsions. Dr. Carmine is using __________ to treat his client. a. exposure and response prevention b. exposure c. systematic desensitization d. a placebo ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 53.
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