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Director's work is ambiguousDirector: coordinates/integrates artistic element of the productionInterpret and present No dedicated director in Elizabethan theatre Then the actor manager was created Performed the director's dutiesApproving design choices/ helping actorsHenry Irving: actor-managerOversaw casting, designs, and acted in the leading roles (hamlet) Laura Keene: actress-managerBecame one of most powerful women in theatre in new yorkShe was performing on stage when lincoln was killedGerg II, duke of saxe-meiningen was known to theatre Productions under his supervision were famous for the historical accuracy Only wanted authentic materials from the time period Choreographed/stage crowd scene Supernumerary: appears in small parts or as an extra in a crow scene All about realism What the director does Read the playReread the playRead the play again Must understand the playFour main areas of research on a playHistorical: what was going on when the playwright was writing thisCritical: uncovering what has been written about the play by scholars/criticsLiterary: looking at play's structure, genre, themes, and actions Biographical: learning about life of playwright Production concept: director's concept "central idea that unifies and informs all elements of production to make it unique" Provides blueprint for how to tell a story Director's responsibilities CastingRehearsal Can last for 2-6 weeks to understand characters and their actionsStaging: arranging the characters and props;
Positioning actorsBlocking: arraigning actors movements across stage Stage business: actor's small scale movements Prop: food/laptop/wine/glass Coaching: inspiring cast to do the best workShapes actor's performance by working with actor's understanding of characterDirecting: Create environment where actors can explore and do best work 4.4 Dramaturg: help contextualize the play for the members of the production team, actors, and audience Works closely with director to assist with research, script preparation, and a critical eyeTakes info and makes it useful to the production teamServes as a liaison to publicCalled "information designer" Dramaturgy: set of choice that artist makes in brining an inner script into a live performanceGood a transforming info into knowledge Dramaturgical question: why this play now? 7.1British playwright Simon Steven: the politics of representationIdentity politics: oHow do we see ourselves? oHow do others see us?oReinforce, resist, reinvent Henrik ibsen (father of realism) confronted the subject of stds in the play "ghosts" Augsut strindberg (also pioneer of realism and influenced by darwin): "miss Julie" about sexual attraction that cuts across social classesoWidely produced toady bc heterosexual sex across classes is bad