critical path analysis (refer Appendix C) PERT–program evaluation and review technique (refer Appendix D) Gantt Chart- A Gantt chart is a horizontal bar chart developed as a production control tool in 1917 by Henry L. Gantt, an American engineer and social scientist (refer Appendix E) A project plan has many uses, not only as a schedule to manage the timeliness, sequence and inter-dependency of tasks, but as a tool to assure clear communications. 12.1 Change Management Plan A change management plan must be prepared in conjunction with the project plan, to ensure that user training and procedural documentation are available at appropriate junctures. Change management is the mechanism through which a change to a process or system in the University is initiated, assessed and implemented. Any change to a process or system will involve resources to make the change and have the potential to impact on other parts of the overall process or system. Only when the change is assessed in relation to its overall impact on the University can an informed decision be made as to the merit of the proposed change. 13 Project organisation A project team is brought together for a pre-determined period of time to achieve a specific set of objectives. The project organisation chart must be augmented by role definitions and assignment of responsibilities for each member of the team. It is essential that the project team be given sufficient authority to achieve the project‟s objectives. Some of the factors that influence the perception and effectiveness of the project team include: The active and visible support and sponsorship of most senior management and the project sponsor The reputation and credibility of the particular individuals assigned to the project team The strength of the working and reporting relationships within the team The organisational culture in which the project team will function The first appointment within any project team will be the project manager. If more than six people need to report to the project manager, then consideration should be given to assigning team leaders for identifiable modules of the project, through whom other team members will report.
Page 28of 94Roles in the overall project organisation will typically include: 13.1 Executive Sponsor This is the person who has ultimate authority over the project and is ultimately accountable for its success. The executive sponsor: has control of the budget, resolves otherwise irreconcilable conflicts in the course of the project, provides high level direction, approves changes to project scope, including their time and budget impacts. Sometimes, the executive sponsor and the project sponsor will be the same person. Often, the executive sponsor will delegate routine participation in the project to the project sponsor. 13.2 Project Sponsor The Project Sponsor provides the interface between project ownership and delivery. The Project Sponsor
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- Fall '13
- Omair Gul
- Project Management, ........., project manager