King Louis XVI of France saw the victory and decided to ally with the Americans in 1778. Spain and Holland also entered the war against Britain . Victory… British consolidated forces in NY when faced with a larger war.1778- 79 - defeated British forts in the Ohio River Valley. 1780 - Britain concentrated their forces in Virginia and the Carolinas Yorktown - 1781 - General Charles Cornwallis surrenders to Washington. War was unpopular in Britain. Lord North and other Tory Party leaders resigned, replaced by Whigs who wanted to end the war best interests to send aid. List 4 important reasons why the British lost the war. 1. Failure to capture Washington’s army 2. Parliament Opinion On The War Was Split 3. The France-American Alliance 4. Lack of Loyalist Support List 4 important provisions of the Treaty of Paris, 1783. 1. Unconditional independence for US 2. Generous new boundaries to Mississippi, except Florida and Canada 3. fishing rights in Grand Banks off the coast of New England 4. The treaty is named for the city in which it was negotiated and signed. 5. Organization of New Governments Key Concepts & Main Ideas Notes Analysis During the 18th century, new ideas about politics and society led to debates about religion and governance, and ultimately inspired experiments with new governmental structures. Many new state constitutions and the national Articles of Confederation , reflecting republican fears of both centralized power and excessive popular influence, placed power in the hands of the legislative branch Organization of New Governments… The Articles of Confederation. Under the Articles, the national government consisted of a unicameral legislature, there was no national executive or judiciary. Delegates to Congress were appointed by the state legislatures, and each state had one vote. State Governments… The Articles of Confederation created a national government composed of a Congress, which had the power to declare war, appoint military officers, sign treaties, make alliances, appoint foreign ambassadors, and manage relations with Indians. List of Rights… The Bill of Rights is the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. It spells out Americans' rights in relation to their government. It guarantees civil rights and liberties to the individual, like freedom of speech, press, and religion Separation of Powers… A fundamental principle of the United States Explain how the following Colonial Era events influenced the creation of new state constitutions: House of Burgesses: This was the first representative government and gave ideas for a national level representative government Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island: He founded Rhode Island for the sake of religious freedom from the Puritans. Gave the new government ideas for religious freedom John Locke and other Enlightenment thinkers theorize on the relationship between man and government: He had the belief that people
and maintained property qualifications for voting and citizenship.
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- Spring '18
- JON BRUNO