administer a combination of antiemetics prior to the administration of the drug. B . encourage the patient to request antiemetics if the nausea becomes unbearable. C . ensure that the patient is NPO from midnight prior to receiving the drug. D . place the patient on a low-residue diet. 1 points QUESTION 28 1. It is determined that a patient, who is in a hepatic coma, needs a laxative. Lactulose is prescribed. Which of the following should the nurse monitor to assess the efficacy of the lactulose therapy? 2. A . Blood ammonia levels B . Oncotic pressure in the colon C . Relief from symptoms D . Water levels in the colon 1 points QUESTION 29 1. Following an endoscopy, a 66-year-old man has been diagnosed with a duodenal ulcer resulting from Helicobacter pylori infection. Which of the following medications will likely be used in an attempt to eradicate the patient's H. pylori infection? (Select all that apply.) 2. A . Aluminum hydroxide B . A PPI C . Ondansetron (Zofran) D . Cisapride (Propulsid) E. Antibiotics 1 points QUESTION 30
1. Mesalamine (Asacol) is prescribed for a 22-year-old woman with Crohn disease. The nurse will discuss with the patient the possibility for which of the following adverse effects related to the new drug therapy? 2. A . Hair loss B . Fatigue C . Increased appetite D . Metallic taste 1 points QUESTION 31 1. A 29-year-old woman has been prescribed alosetron (Lotronex) for irritable bowel syndrome. Before starting the drug therapy, the nurse will advise the patient about which of the following adverse effect(s)? 2. A . Hyperthyroidism B . Impaired cardiac function C . Constipation D . Breathlessness and hypotension 1 points QUESTION 32 1. A patient on 5-FU calls the clinic and reports that he has between five and seven loose bowel movements daily. The nurse will instruct the patient to 2. A . treat the diarrhea with OTC medications. B . avoid protein-rich foods. C . notify the clinic if the stools are black or if there is evidence of blood. D . avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice. 1 points QUESTION 33 1. A 33-year-old woman has irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The physician has prescribed simethicone (Mylicon) for her discomfort. Which of the following will the nurse monitor most closely during the patient's drug therapy? 2. A . Increased urine output
B . Increased abdominal pain and vomiting C . Drug toxicity D . Anorexia 1 points QUESTION 34 1. A patient is taking cholestyramine. The nurse will assess for which of the following common adverse effects of the drug? 2. A . Abdominal pain B . Indigestion C . Constipation D . Headache 1 points QUESTION 35 1. A nurse is providing patient education for a patient who has been prescribed diphenoxylate HCl with atropine sulfate. Which of the following instructions would be important for self-administration of this drug?
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- Fall '13