pg.73 child protectionists argue that young people need to be kept away from the labor force for their own good (review impact of industrial revolution). Formal schooling is lengthened - before industrial revolution adulthood defined by owning property - terms: teenager, youth, emerging adulthood 9/22/17 Emerging adulthood - Jeffrey Arnett’s term for ages 18-25, caught between adolescence and adulthood - Instability in work, romantic relationships, and living arrangements - Focus on oneself and independent functioning - Does not exist in all culture Changes in status - Increasing privileges and responsibility - Legal boundaries: gambling, buying/drinking alcohol, smoking, driving, truancy (skipping school) status offenses Process of social redefinition - In contemporary America, begins at age 15 or 16 - Cohorts - Common practices: usually entail real or symbolic separation from parents (summer camps, boarding schools, college) - Accentuation of physical and social differences between males and females - Passing on of cultural, historical, and practical info from adult generation to group of young cohorts Variations of Social redefinition - Clarity: no clear indication of when responsibilities and privileges as an adult begin - Contemporary trends in defining adulthood: Decline in importance of family role, less emphasis on attaining a specific role and more emphasis on self-reliance, fewer gender- typed role expectations - Social redefinition is clearly recognized in traditional cultures (hunting, fishing, farming) - Baby boomers: finishing school, moving out, getting married occurred earlier and with narrow timeframe. Transition in early 19 th century just as disorderly as now. School = viewed as child, work= viewed as adults - Continuous transitions: adolescent assumes roles and status of adulthood bit by bit - Discontinuous transitions: adolescent’s entrance into adulthood is more abrupt with little or no training. Less preparation for roles of worker, parent, citizen - Adolescents now get less training for adult roles (less classes like for cooking, parenting classes in school) - Traditional cultures are continuous. Involved in work tasks that have meaningful connections to work they will perform as adults - Adolescents are living at home longer than ever before Transitional problems for poor and minority groups - Americanization associated with worse outcomes compared to immigrants - Experiencing poverty during adolescence has an especially negative effect on school achievement
Psychology of Adolescence Notes 9/25/17 Conflict between teens and parents - Very little emotional distance between parents and adolescents - Most teens: feel close to parents, respect parents’ judgement, feel loved by parents, respect parents as individuals - Generation gap is what’s blamed for conflict. Basic core values (religion, work, education) diversity within adolescent generation is greater than across generations.
- Winter '15
- Psychology, Adolescence Notes, Psychology of Adolescence Notes