Enhance social stratification formality bureaucracy

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- Enhance social stratification - Formality - Bureaucracy PDI 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 Japan Germany ANGLO SAX. U.S. LAT. AM. ASIA Brazil EUROPE
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Uncertainty Avoidance • How to deal with the fact that future is unknown. • Low uncertainty avoidance - Risk takers - Feel secure - Accept the “karma” • High uncertainty avoidance - Create security to avoid stress - Anxiety - Formal laws UAI 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 Japan Germany ANGLO SAX. U.S. LAT. AM. ASIA Brazil EUROPE
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Masculinity • Division of social roles between genders • Masculine societies - Maximize social division between genders - Enhance material achievements - Make money - “Big is beautiful” - “Macho men” values • Feminine societies - People before money - No show off - Low profile - Preserve the environment - Quality of life - Help others MAS 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 Japan Germany ANGLO SAX. U.S. LAT. AM. ASIA Brazil EUROPE N. Europe
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Hofstede Indices (Blackboard) COUNTRY Abbreviation Power Distance Uncertainty Avoidance Individualism Masculinity ARGENTINA ARG 49 86 46 56 AUSTRALIA AUA 36 51 90 61 AUSTRIA AUI 11 70 55 79 BELGIUM BEL 65 94 75 54 BRAZIL BRZ 69 76 38 49 CANADA CAN 39 48 80 52 CHINA CHA 80 30 20 66 CHILE CHI 63 86 23 28 COLOMBIA COL 67 80 13 64 COSTA RICA COS 35 86 15 21 DENMARK DEN 18 23 74 16 ECUADOR EQ 78 67 8 63 FINLAND FIN 33 59 63 26 FRANCE FRA 68 86 71 43 GERMANY GER 35 65 67 66
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Power Distance x
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