balance and transactions is an example of a routine information system°°For XYZ logistics which uses robots that move on warehouse floors, theuse of drones for retrieving warehouse items would indicate a potential threat of substitutes °°World wide web:Proposed by Tim Berners-LeeDecember 2012 marked 22 years of browser and web page°°Web browser:Software program used to send request for webpages and display the web pages that are sent in responseCan display text, graphics, and multimedia content°°Web Server:A computer program that is designed to “serve up” web pages °°°Uniform Resource Locator (URL): A URL identifies a resource such as an HTML file located on a Web server°
°Parameter and value:°°°°°°°Given the URL ?What is the Parameter?oQWhat is the Value?oGOOG°°Value Chain: A set of activities that an organization must perform to conduct its business. Each activity adds value to the product or service that the organization provides°°Value Chain Analysis is the process of identifying such activities.°°Critical Success Factorsis a list of a few important considerations that must be achieved for an organization to be successful (i.e. low order-to-shipping time)°°A databaseis an organized collection of data°
°Entitiesare things we store information about. (i.e. persons, places, events, etc.)Entities have relationships with other entities (i.e. the entity Customerhas a relationship with the entity Orderin a retailer’s database)°°Attributes are pieces of information about an entity (i.e. Student ID, Name, etc. for the entity Student)°°Field: Individual characteristics about an ENTITY. Fields are also called attributes or columns. °Record: A group of fields or attributes to describe a single instance of an ENTITY. These are also called rows.°Table: A collection of records or instances for a given ENTITY°Database: A collection of tables containing information to support a given system or a particular topic area °°Primary Key:
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- Spring '16
- World Wide Web