Technically doesnt free a single slave confederacy

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technically doesn’t free a single slave - Confederacy already seceded and don’t have to listen to the proclamation border state slaves were left out of the Emancipation Proclamation could have been military motivated: September = 4 months before January 1st tocome back to the Union and have the proclamation not apply to them first step towards abolishing slavery
turning point: Britain and France can’t openly become allies with Confederacy because they already abolished slavery clear moral cause of Civil War some northerners didn’t like it, soldiers deserted and fewer volunteers authorized use of African-American troopsMilitary Effectslittle change, Confederate still does well July 1863Battle of Vicksburg - MississippiUlysses S Grant surrounds town - siege warfare bombs the town, until they surrender gives Union control of the Mississippi - key aspect of Anaconda Plan Union army begins sweep eastward towards Virginia promotes General Grant - Lincoln’s new lead commander of the Potomac (east army)politicians saw Grant as reckless - put soldiers in danger Lincoln has been dealing with overly cautious generals Battle of Gettysburg - Pennsylvania (ends one day before Vicksburg)no strategic location - just happened to meet south invading north again, same reasons Lee hoped major victory in northern territory would convince Union to surrender get northern supplies Pickett’s charge, Confederates march to the center of Union line Union wins Gettysburg Address October 1863 dedicating a cemetery for Union soldier who died at Gettysburgnot the main speaker, very short speech Lincoln reminds what the war is being fought forless moderate, address is completion of belief that slavery had to be ended people didn’t realize the whole point of the war isn’t to go back to where it was before, America must be different end of 1863 war is still happening, bothers Americans - seems to be no end in sightmajor victories don’t seem to matter1864 presidential election - some people questioned whether Lincoln was handling the war the right way, but they were quickly put downsignificant opposition from Northern Democratic partyCopperheads - people in favor of making peace with the South, giving in to the South, to end the war believed war was dragging too long, too many casualties Republican (Baltimore) Platform want to crush rebellion by force of armsDemocratic (Chicago) Platform want to make peace with Southboth want to restore the Union
George McClellan nominated for Democrats - knows firsthand how frustrating and pointless the war is also personal revenge factor - fired twice by Lincoln never explicitly said he would go make peace with Confederacyabolition of slavery would create a chaotic America - blacks would have equal rights with whites, had to coexist draft riots where whites took out frustration on free blacks

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