Had to use forceful ways to take land away eisenstein

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– had to use forceful ways to take land awayEisenstein failed to show the utopia of collectivization. Collectivization was undertaken. Rather than voluntarily joining after seeing the benefits of Soviet methods, the peasants were forced by Stalin’s rapid and destructive forces.The harsh reality of collectivization must have made Old And Newlook like a cruel joke for contemporary Soviet citizens.Eisenstein had sought in Old and Newto harmonize the dichotomies of Russian life between the westerner and the Slavophiles, the city and country, the state and peasant.oTo Eisenstein, the collective farm represented the synthesis of old institution of the peasant commune and modern methods of Soviet rationalism.
oBut the reaction to forced collectivization demonstrated that the animosities were too deeply imbedded in Russian to be overcome through one film.A theme is fertility/procreation: cycles of life – birth and deathoEisenstein shows Masha’s fascinationoThe groom is actually a bull, who shows up in her dreams – symbol of masculinityothe bull will be replaced by a tractor, in terms of securing income for a peasantothe theme of beauty of technology culminates with introduction of tractor to cooperativeomany sexual connotationsoMetaphors clash: natural vs. mechanical/engineer/ technicalThe cream/milk separatoralso symbolizes modernizationSCENESOpening Scene:oopens with long shots of the most important element in the film, the land.oThe great Russian plain, “Mother Russia,” represents the central myth of Russian civilization, and spiritual attachment to the soil is a unifying force in Russian life.oDIVISON:Agricultural methods which destroy this unity as the land is divided into individual peasant holdings. Division occurs within the family as well, as brothers split their inheritance to the point of sawing their father’s house in half. The asymmetrical images of the fences dividing the land and close-ups of the fences with their crisscrossing wooden posts suggest chaos as well.oWithin the context of this fragmentation, we are introduced to Marfa, the villagewoman who is determined to overcome these anachronistic practices. She has many of the traditional qualitiesof the earth mother figure; she is physically strong, and the vitality that she exhibits in her struggles identifies her as a life force. But soon she leans that determination is insufficient w/o the assistance of modern methods.Religious procession sequence: REPRESENTS OLDoDuring the drought, peasants go to beg God for rain. The scene depicts inadequacy of spiritualismand religion in the face of material hardship. oThe drought represents death and sterility, and the procession to counter takes on an ambiguously sexual flavor.oProcession culminates into a prayer Religious orgy. However, this effort becomes futile and rain never comes. Thus, doubt is born in the minds of people.
oOther images include lambs, smoke cloud passes, barometer (to show that the

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