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Amsterdam School-Group of young architects who experimented with expressive brick architecture, largely on social housing projects after world war II.
Beurs (Old Stock Exchange, Commodities Exchange) Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1897-1903-Mixture of Neo-Gothic and avante-garde (Dutch expressionism)-Group of architects worked on it-Square grid design, axis are self-similar-Stock exchange building-Narrow window details, bell tower, -Two large stock trading halls surrounded by offices -Combination of negothic (brick) and industrialization (metal) on the inside-Won the competition with one design and changed it to this building-Open interiors-Stone piers with steel trussesArchitect: Hendrik Petrus Berlage
German Expressionism-Art as an expressionist movement-It’s about the feeling, not being completely correct in proportion and view-Transforming physic states into art-Influenced by literature and poetryArtist: Vincent Van Gogh, The Nightcafe, 1888
Chilehaus, Hamburg, Germany, 1922-24-International Trade between South America and Germany-Detail in brick-Neo-Gothic elements mixed with industrial materials (gargoyle engravings)-A house for organizing offices for trade (many windows)-Steam ship shape-Large office building-Brick expressionism Architect: Fritz Hoger
Bauhaus Manifesto, Weimar, 1919-Started off with Neo-Gothic Wood cuts-Combination of apllied arts and craftsArchitect: Walter Gropius
Theatre, German Werkbund Exhibition, Cologne, 1914-Large audience hall-First exhibition for architects, craftsmen, artists -Organic sculptural theater-Steel trusses, brick and plaster Architect: Henry van de Velde
Glasshouse, Werkbund Exhibition, Cologne, 1914-Exhibition pavilion for glass business-“Smurf pavillion”-Glass bricks and Steel Structure-Colored glass into the concrete-Glass waterfall, glass tiles-2 story pavilion-pineapple shaped multi faceted polygonal design-14 sided base-Glass treated metal staircase-7 tiered cascading waterfall-Floor to ceiling colored mosaic wallsArchitect: Bruno Taut
Einstein Tower, Potsdam, 1920-22-On a hill outside the city-About the expansion of the universe-Tower for a telescope, building is just a wrapper-Laboratory dedicated to “The Red Shift”-Made out of brick and then stuccoed over (wanted to be made out of concrete)-No concrete because of the war-Many drawings to control the curves of the buildings-Organic expressionArchitect: Erich Mendelsohn
Grose Schauspielhaus (Greate Theatre) Berlin, Germany, 1919-20-3,000 people can get into the building-For the working class-Columns of light, feel like you’re coming into a building with no weight (foyer)-Light Bulbs of different colors (theatre)-Cave-like interior in the theatre, looks like stalactites coming from columns and ceiling-Massive theatre hall -Honey-combed pendentive ornamentArchitect: Hans Poelzig
Modern AvantgardesDe Stijl (Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondrian)
De Stijl, Delft, Netherlands, 1917-Depicting universal principles behind sensual perception not depicting what the senses see of nature.Painting the elements with horizontal/vertical lines using red yellow blue black white and grey.