Substance dualists believe that mental states are

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18. Substance dualists believe that mental states are private. Explain why this leads to the challenge known as the problem of other minds. (Be sure to say what it would mean for our mental states to be private.) a. The problem of other minds b. If our mental states are private no one has access, no one can know what you’re thinking c. Inverted color problem
19. Princess Elizabeth raised a challenge to substance dualism known as the problem of causal interaction. Explain the problem. Use an example to make the problem as plausible as you can. (Your explanation should say something about the mind’s being non-spatial.)
20. Suppose your friend says: “If a and b are distinct substances, they cannot interact”. Explain why your friend cannot be correct (that is, give a counterexample to his claim). Then indicate what needs to be added in order to motivate the problem of causal interaction. 21. What was the example of the phone survey supposed to illustrate?
22. In general, we want our theories to be true. What other features do we want our theories
to have? Give an example that illustrates why these features can make one theory better than another. 23. In what ways is Jimmy’s theory supposed to be worse than Grandfather’s Theory? How
do the two theories compare when judged by the theoretical virtues? Which seems to be (i) simplier? which (ii) more unifying? and which (iii) more predicative?
24. How is the fact that Hannah Montana is Miley Stewart supposed to help the identity theorist?

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