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war manifested in various forms of conflict. Such forms included; the pre-war, wartime and post war stages. The invasion period has been documented as the epic of the Iraqi war6. However, it isimportant to understand the development, manifestation and aftermath of this particular war.The Iraqis invasion of Kuwait In 1990, under Saddam Hussein’s leadership, Iraq perpetrated invasions into the neighboring Kuwait country. This invasion elicited global condemnation with Saddam Hussein falling under scrutiny and criticism by foreign powers led by the United States. The invasion of Kuwait, which materialized on August 2, 1990, was conducted within two days of sustained attacks by the Iraq military which later resulted to conquest over Kuwait. As a result, the Iraqis occupied Kuwait for seven months. Afterwards, the United Nations issued 4Kavalski, Emilian, ‘“We Are the Hawks of Freedom”: Bulgaria’s Good Fishing in the Muddy Waters of the Gulf’, Journal of Slavic Military Studies 19/1 (2006), pp.33-55.5Herring, Eric, & Glen Rangwala, Iraq in Fragments: The Occupation and its Legacy (C. Hurst 2006). 6Hubbard, Andrew, ‘Plague and Paradox: Militias in Iraq’, Small Wars & Insurgencies 18/3 (2007), pp.350.
directives to Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait. In a response, Iraq declined to abide by the directiveof withdrawal from Kuwait. Their action later on aggravated the conflict between them and the foreign powers. Interestingly, such a decline by Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait precipitated the 1991 Gulf war that was launched by a coalition military operation authorized by the United Nations and led by US. As such, the bottom-line of the conflict was due to Iraq’s invasion with an aim of taking over of Kuwait’s petroleum fields and production. Following the UN-based military coalition operational art, Iraq was defeated and while on the verge of exiting Kuwait, theIraq forces set ablaze close to 600 oil wells in Kuwait7. This however was only a precursor to the Iraq war.Noteworthy, the allied forces in the Iraqi war used the policy of containment as initiated by the United Nations and backed by the United States and other allied powers like the UK and France which sought to limit Saddam Hussein’s power by instituting sanctions. These sanctions were not effective enough as Saddam's government boldly violated them. The two main sanctions erected against Iraq during the gulf war included; economic sanctions and Disarmament obligations. The Economic sanctions against Iraq were detailed in the United Nations Security Council resolution 661 and included, among others the reparations of Kuwait by Iraq. The disarmament obligations were also imposed on Iraq that aimed at removing the weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, although some sources believe that Iraq lacked nuclear potential and weapons. The disarmament sanction was detailed on the resolution 687. The disarmament policy was pursued by the United Nations for a decade following the gulf war with 16 resolutions being passed within that time by the United Nations. These efforts were aimed at pushing for a complete elimination of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction. However, in total